From the California Avocado Society Yearbook 1946

 

Check List of Avocado Varieties

 

The check list of varieties includes California varieties which have been propagated commercially to some extent, Florida varieties published in Circular No. 129—Avocado production in Florida— and those which are grown in foreign countries.

Varieties which are registered but have not been propagated except experimentally are not included in this list but are included under a separate list of Registered Varieties.

Only 5 varieties in the check list are recommended by the California Avocado Society for planting in southern California and none of them is suggested for all districts. These 5 varieties are, in alphabetical order, Anaheim, Fuerte, Hass, MacArthur and Nabal.

 

ABLE5 Syn. of Beardslets

ACE (Guat.) Syn. Simpson

Originated by G. M. Simpson, Anaheim, Calif. Fruit green; smooth except at stem; pyriform; 16 ozs.; seed medium. Season Apr..Jul. Difficult to propagate in nursery.

ACKERMAN (W. I.)

Fruit green; smooth; pyriform 15-24 ozs. seed medium, loose. Season all summer in Hawaii.

ACOSTA (W. I.)

Originated near Santiago de las Vegas, Cuba, propagated in 1910. Green fruit; pyriform; 20~24 ozs.; seed large. Season Dec. in Cuba.

AJAX (Guat. x W. I.)

Originated in 1920 in seedling grove of Will Booth, Homestead, Fla., propagated 1934. Fruit dark green; glossy, slightly pebbled; rounded or obovoid; 16.30 ozs.; skin rather thick; seed medium large; flavor good; flesh rather dry. Oil content 9-13%. Season Dec-Jan. in Fla. Tree vigorous and fairly heavy bearer.

AKBAL (Guat.) S. P.I. 45505

Introduced 1917 by F. W. Popenoe, USDA, from Amatitlan, Guat. Fruit green; smooth; long and slender; 12 ozs.; seed medium. Season Aug-Nov. in Guat. Poor shape for shipping.

ALEGRE

Originated at place of J. Ii. Wilson, Manila, Phil. Fruit green; pyriform, necked to kidney shaped; seed medium; skin thin. Illus. Phil. Agr. Rev. Vol. 22, p 23, b, 1927. Named for Mr. Wilson’s home.

ALEXANDRIA (Guat.)

Originated at W. A. Spinks’ place, Duarte, Calif., fruiting in 1921. Fruit green; slightly rough, glossy; oval; 16-24 ozs.; seed small. Season July at Duarte.

ALMA (Guat. x W. I.)

Originated on place of Heinrich Rohde, Sebring, Fla., in 1922 as seedling of unknown origin. Fruit rounded, 12-20 ozs.; skin purple, thick, rough; seed rather large. Quality very good. Oil Content 20%. Season Jan. 15 -Mar. 15. While not recommended commercially, this variety is of considerable interest for home planting as a late winter variety because it has never been injured by cold at Sebring. Certified 1944.

ALPINE (Mex.)

Originated from seed planted 1912 by Frank Frost near Porterville, Calif., fruited 1916. Fruit 3 to 4 inches long; seed very small. Season Oct-Dec.

ALTO (Guat.)

Introduced 1911 by Carl Schmidt for West India Gardens, Altadena, Calif., from Atlixco, Mex. Fruit deep green; rough; pyrif eras; 24 ozs.; seed small. Season Nov-Dec. at Atlixco.

AMBASSADOR (Guat.)

Originated from a Lyon x Puebla cross at A. K. Rideout place, Whittier, Calif. Fruit purple; rough; oblong to pyriform 14-16 ozs.; seed large. Season Jul.-Sept. at Whittier.

AMECA (Guat.)

Introduced 1912 as Furnival No. 1 by West Indian Gardens, Altadena, Calif., from Jalisco, Mex. Fruit purplish black; 32 ozs.; skin thick; seed medium; quality high.

AMERICA (Guat.)

Originated from seed planted about 1913 on J. K. Hoff place, Hollywood, Calif. Fruit purple; smooth; obovoid; 16-24 ozs.; seed medium; flavor fair. Season Apr-June.

AMIGO (Guat.)

Originated 1917 at C. H. Hamburg place, Whittier, Calif. Fruit purple; rough; spherical; 12-14 ozs.; seed large. Season Apr-May or later at Whittier.

ANAHEIM (Guat.)

Originated 1910 as seedling from E. C. Dutton at Otto Keup place, corner Palm Ave. and Ball Rd., Anaheim, Calif. Fruit green; medium rough, glossy; elliptical; 18-32 ozs.; seed medium to small, pointed. Oil content 15%. Season Jun. through Aug. of second year; later on Ventura coast. Illus. Asso. Yearbook 1927, p. 64, and Calif. Agri. Exp. Sta. Bul. 365 revised, p. 59. Marketability fair to medium, best quality in smaller sizes, early pickings ship best. Trees very tall and slender, very prolific, quite tender to frost. Parent tree in good condition Aug. 1937.

ARANGO Syn. Cor. Raul Arango

A Cuban variety, listed in 1917. Fruit oval; large to 7 lbs.; flavor excellent. Season Jun.-Sept. in Cuba.

ARCTIC (Guat.)

Originated as seedling of Sharpless on B. H. Sharpless place near Tustin, Calif. Fruit first shown Nov. 1923. Fruit dark purple; somewhat rough; pyriform 16-18 ozs.; seed medium; quality good. Season late fall.

ARTURO (Mex.) Patent 667

Originated at Fallbrook Calif. in 1933. Fruit light green; skin smooth; 6-10 ozs.; oval; seed 114 to 2 ozs.; flavor good. Oil content high. Tree is precocious and bearing consistent. Season Sept.-Apr.

ATHERTON (W. I.)

Originated at Honolulu. Fruit purple; smooth; oblong-obovoid; 32 ozs.; seed medium, almost tight; quality very good.

ATKINS (Mex. x Guat.)

Originated on J. D. Atkinson place, Carpinteria. Calif. (Bradbury and Murphy’s, 1937) Fruit green; smooth; roundish pyriform; skin thin; seed rather large; 16 ozs.; flavor good. Season Apr.-Jul. Parent tree was 70 feet high but top was later broken by wind, in good condition Aug. 1937.

ATLIXCO (Guat.)

Introduced 1911 by Carl Schmidt for West India Gardens, Altadena, Calif., from Atlixco. Mex. Fruit dark green with purple blush; slightly rough; oblong to pyriform; 16 ozs.; seed medium to large; flavor good. Season Dec. at Atlixco. Apr-Jun. in Calif. Being propagated in Hawaii.

AUBREY (W. I. May be a hybrid.)

Originated in Hawaii. Fruit green: smooth; spherical; 12 ozs.; seed medium; Season fall in Hawaii.

AVBURNDALE (W. I.) Syn. Juliassa

Originated on place of Capt. J. M. Burns, near Auburndale, as seedling of Pollock, about 1925. Fruit obovate; about 2 lbs.; glossy green; Season Nov.

AVILA (W. I.)

Originated at Quebradillas, Puerto Rico. Fruit light green; pyriform; 30 ozs.; seed medium to large. Season Oct-Dec. in Puerto Rico. Avila No. 1 and Avila No. 2 listed in Rept. Agri. Exp. Sta., Univ. Puerto Rico. 1934-35.

AVON (Guat. x W. I.)

Originated in grove of W. F. Ward, Avon Park, Fla. as one of several hundred seedlings from Guatemalan trees with chance for West Indian pollination. Evidently a hybrid. Seed planted in 1923. Fruited first in 1927. Top-worked extensively in owners grove in 1934. Fruit obovate, with obliquely flattened base; medium size; 12-20 ozs.; skin slightly wrinkled, glossy medium green rather thin and pliable; flesh light yellow; seed rather large. Oil content 9-14%. Season Dec. and Jan. A very heavy bearing variety as top-worked in the Ward grove, with good appearance of fruit but handicapped by very large seed.

AZUSA (Mex.)

Originated in yard of Mrs. Henry Roberts, Azusa, Calif., propagated 1914. Fruit purplish black; smooth; glossy; long pyriform; 6-8 ozs.; seed medium; flavor good. Season Oct-Dec. at Azusa.

BAIRD (Guat.) Registered 1933

Originated 1928 from seed planted by Robert W. Baird at Carlsbad, Calif. Fruit green pebbled. pyriform; 10-14 ozs.; skin leathery, moderately thick; seed 2 1/4 ozs., rather large; flavor fair to good. Oil content 15.8%. Season Apr-Jun. at Carlsbad. Should have wider trial.

BAKER (W. I.)

Originated on Z. I. Baker place, Ojus, Fla. Fruit yellowish green; smooth to undulating; broadly pyriform; large; seed small. Season Oct-Jan. at Ojus. Obsolete.

BALDWIN (W. I.) S.P.I. 12933 and 13729

Originated at Miami, Fla. Named for owner. Fruit green; smooth; oblong; seed large. Season Aug.. Sept. at Miami. Now grown in Philippines.

BANNER

Originated on C. W. Paine place, San Fernando, Calif. Fruit green; pyriform; 8 ozs.; seed medium. Season Jan.

BANNERTON

Originated from seed of Banner x Mex. by A. R. Rideout, Whittier, Calif. Fruit black; oblong; 14 ozs.; seed medium. Season Jan.-Mar.

BARKER (W. I.)

Originated at Bradentown, Fla. Parent tree largest in state in 1918, not killed by 1898 freeze, about 60 ft. high, 35 foot spread. Fruit green; 1-3 lbs; resembles Pollock in appearance, size and quality. Season Oct. into Dec. in Fla.

BARTLETT (W. I.) S.P.I. 40978.

Introduced 1915 by F. W. Popenoe, USDA, from Placetas, Cuba. Fruit green; smooth; broadly pyriform; about 4 in. long, 3 in, broad; seed medium. Has two crops, Jul-Aug., and Dec. at Placetas.

BARTLEY (Guat.)

Originated from seed planted about 1907 by J. H. Northrop near Tustin, Calif., later owned by Bartley Bros. Fruit green; rough; oblong; 32 ozs.; seed medium. Season Mar-May at Tustin.

BASKERVILLE (W. I.)

Originated in Hawaii. Fruit green; smooth; pyriform; necked; 18 ozs.; seed medium; flavor pleasant, nutty. Season July.

BATAB (Gnat.) S.P.I. 43487.

Introduced 1916 by F. W. Popenoe, USDA, from San Lucas, Gnat. Fruit dull green; slightly rough; oblong; 16 ozs.; seed medium to large. Season late Oct. at San Lucas.

BATANGAS (W. I.) Synonym Cardinal No. 2

Originated from seed planted Sept., 1928, by Mrs. Aurelia Torres St. Tomas. Batangas, Phillippines. Fruits light green turning to bright maroon with greenish yellow stripes characteristic of the variety. Average weight 15 ozs.; bottle necked; Skin smooth and glossy. Seed average weight 11/4 ozs.; medium loose in cavity; seed coats easily removed. Season .Jul.-Sept. Over 500 trees budded and planted. A fine quality fruit and regular bearer.

BEACH’S CHOICE (W. I.)

Originated by John B. Beach, West Palm Beach, Fla. Fruit green; pyriform; 1 to 2 lbs. Season Sept.-Oct. Not now propagated.

BEARDSLEE (Guat.) Syn. Ables.

Originated from seed of Macdonald planted 1911 by L. C. Ables in Honolulu. First known as Ables but renamed for man who brought the seed of parent tree into Hawaii. Fruit purple; rough; oval to pyriform; 24-40 ozs.; seed small; flavor rich. Season late fall-early winter at Honolulu. lllus. and desc. Hawaii Agri. Exp. Sta. Bul. 51. One of important commercial varieties in Hawaii.

BEAUTY (Guat.)

Originated from seed planted 1902 on C. P. Taft place, Orange, Calif. Fruit green; slightly rough; obovoid; 16 ozs.; seed medium. Season May-Sept.

BENEDICT (Mex.)

Originated from seed planted 1912 at Sunnyslope Nursery, Bangor, Butte Co., Calif. Fruit black smooth, glossy; pyriform to obovoid, oblique; 6-8 ozs.; seed small; quality good. Oil content 15%. Season late Sept. and Oct. Trees frost and wind resistant, prolific, suited to interior districts. Parent tree dead.

BENIK (Guat.) S.P.I. No. 44626

Introduced 1917 by F. W. Popenoe USDA, from Antigua, Guat. Fruit maroon-purple; rough; pyriform to elliptical; 12-16 ozs.; skin medium thick; seed medium, nearly round; quality high. Oil content 16%. Season Feb-May at Antigua, Apr-Aug. of second season in Calif. Parent tree illus. and desc. USDA Bul. 743, p1. 18 and p. 57. A variety with commercial possibilities and increasing in popularity, a dependable bearer. Being propagated in Hawaii.

BENLEE (W. I.)

Originated at Honolulu. Fruit dark maroon; smooth; oblong; 16 ozs.; seed loose but packed in wrinkled seed coat; quality fair; Season Jul-Aug. at Honolulu.

BERGER (W. I.)

Originated at Honolulu. Fruit dark purple; smooth; ovoid-oblong; 16-24 ozs.; seed small; loose: quality good but inclined to dryness.

BICKNELL (Hybrid)

Being propagated in Hawaii 1937. Originated as seedling in yard of Dr. Henry Bicknell, Honolulu, propagated 1930. Fruit dark purple; slightly rough; roundish to obovoid; 15-18 ozs.; skin thin but tough; seed medium; flavor excellent, slightly sweetish.

BILLINGSLEY (Guat.)

Originated about 1898 on Ray Billingsley place, Villa Park, Calif. Fruit light green; pyriform to oval; 10-16 ozs.; seed medium. Season Mar-Jun. at Villa Park.

BITTE (W. I.)

Originated on place of Seymour Dane, Redlands, Fla., prior to 1912. Propagated in 1920 by topworking and since 1930 in commercial nursery on very small scale. Fruit obovate; medium large size; skin green, smooth, leathery; seed medium size, tight. Season Oct-Nov. Heavy bearing, fruit ships well.

BLACKBIRD (Mex.)

Originated in A. R. Rideout place, Whittier, Calif. Fruit black; glossy; oblong; medium size; seed medium, loose. Season Sept.

BLACKMAN (W. I.) S.P.I. 26701

Budwood received 1907 by USDA, from Rev. K. V. Blackman, Miami, Fla. Fruit greenish-red to chocolate; glossy; spherical; medium to large; skin thick, leathery; seed medium. Season Sept. in So. Florida. Obsolete.

BLAIR (Guat.)

Originated on place of J. H. Hickson, Naranja, Fla., from seed of Taylor planted in 1926. Fruited in 1933, and topworked to small extent in Redland groves since 1935. Nursery propagated in 1939. Fruit obovate, medium size, closely resembling Lula, but not greatly subject to scab. Season Dec.-Jan. Bearing habit good.

BLAKE (Mex.)

Originated about 1903 at 34 Waverly Drive, Pasadena, Calif., propagated 1910. Fruit light green; smooth; slender pyriform; 4 - 7 ozs.; seed medium. Oil content 23.5%. Season Oct-Dec. at Pasadena. Fruit subject to decay on tree. Tree unusually hardy.

BLAKEMAN (Guat.) Syn. Dickey No.2. S.P.I. 39373

Originated 1907 from seed brought from Atlixco, Mexico, by Juan Murrieta and planted by Mr. Habersham at head of La Brea Ave.. Hollywood Calif., place later owned by E. IV. Dickey. Variety named for Mrs. Dickey, propagated 1912. Fruit dark green; nearly smooth; oblique pyriform; 12-20ozs.; seed small to medium. Oil content 13%. Season Mar.-Jul. at Hollywood, Nov-Dec. in Fla. Tends to crack at apex, a poor market fruit.

BLUEBIRD (Mex.)

Originated on A. R. Rideout place, Whittier, Calif. Fruit purple; elongated pyriform; seed medium. Season Oct.

BON (Guat.)

Originated 1908 at Honolulu, probably from seed of Macdonald. Fruit green; rather smooth, glossy; oval 23 ozs.; seed large. Season Nov-Dec. at Honolulu.

BONITA (of Florida)

Originated in grove of C. Sartini, near Redlands, Fla., from seed planted in 1925. Fruited first in 1932. Topworked in commercial groves since 1936, on small scale. Fruit obovate, flattened somewhat on one side like Waldin; medium size; 16-24 ozs.; skin green, slightly roughened, leathery; seed medium. Oil content 8-10%. Season Dec-Jan.

BOOTH 1

Origin and history the same as Booth 7. Fruit rounded-obovate; medium large; 16-24 ozs.; skin nearly smooth; glossy; dark green; medium thick and brittle; flesh light yellow; seed large, loose in cavity. Oil content 8-12%. Season Dec.-Jan. A heavy bearing variety, as topworked in several groves but not recommended because of the very large seed and rather p6or quality.

BOOTH 2 (Guat. x W. I.) Syn. Acme

Originated in grove of Will Booth, Homestead Fla., as a seedling of unknown Guat. parent from tree in mixed planting of Guat. and West Indian varieties. Seed planted in 1920; fruited first in 1927. Fruit obovate-round; 1 lb.; green. Season Feb-Mar.

BOOTH 3 (Guat. x W. I.)

Originated 1920 in seedling grove of Will Booth, Homestead, Fla. Fruit dark green; glossy, nearly smooth; rounded-obovoid; 12-14 ozs.; skin quite thick; seed medium. Oil content 10-12%. Season Jan. in Fla.

BOOTH 5 (Guat. x W. I.)

Same origin as Booth 2. Fruit obovate; about 1 lb.; green. Season Dec.

BOOTH 7 (Guat. x W. I.)

Originated 1920 in seedling grove of Will Booth, Homestead, Fla. Fruit bright green; glossy, slightly pebbled; rounded-obovoid; 10-20 ozs.; skin thick; seed medium. Oil content 10.14%. Season Dec. in Fla. Fairly heavy bearing, not propagated commercially.

BOOTH 8 (Guat. x W. I.)

Originated 1920 in seedling grove of Will booth, Homestead, Fla., propagated 1935. Fruit dull green; slightly rough; oblong-obovoid; 14-28 ozs.; skin rather thick; seed medium large. Oil content 6.8%. Season Nov. in Fla. A heavy bearer.

BOUNTIFUL (Guat. x W. I.)

Originated by W. J. Cooper, Hauula, Oahu, Hawaii, fruited 1926. Fruit greenish yellow; nearly spherical; 32 ozs.; skin medium to thick; seed 4˝ ozs.; flavor very good. Season Dec. in Hawaii where it is still propagated.

BRADBURY (Guat.)

Originated at Bradbury place, Azusa, Calif. Fruit green; large. Season April.

BRIGHAM (W. I.)

Originated at Honolulu. Fruit green; smooth; pyriform; 16-24 ozs.; seed large.

BRODIA (Guat.)

Originated from seed planted about 1902 by C. P. Taft at Orange, Calif. Fruit green; rough; pyriform; 16 ozs.; seed medium. Season May at Orange.

BROMLEY (W. I.)

Originated before 1918 at Honolulu. Fruit purple; smooth; pyriform; crook-necked; 1 ˝-2 ˝ lbs.; seed medium; quality poor. Still being propagated in Hawaii.

BUDDINGTON (Guat.)

Originated on place of Mrs. Buddington, 776 New Depot St., Los Angeles, said to have been planted by J. C. Harvey. No description available.

BUFFANDAU (W. I.)

Originated in Hawaii. Fruit green; oval to oblong; 25 ozs.; seed medium; quality good.

BUTLER (W. I.) S.P.I. 26690

Originated 1904 at Miami, Fla. Fruit light green; smooth; obovoid; 16-24 ozs.; seed medium to large. Season Aug.-Sept. at Miami.

BUTTERCUP (Guat. )

Originated on C. P. Taft place at Orange, Calif., as seedling of Murrieta. Fruit dark green; oval; 16 ozs. Season Mar.-May at Orange.

BUTTERNUT (Guat.)

Introduced by K. 0. Hart to Ferguson place, No. Whittier Heights, Calif., from Oaxaca, Mex. Fruit dark red; smooth, glossy; oval; 12 ozs.; seed medium; Season Dec-Mar.

CABNAL (Guat.) S.P.I. 44782

Introduced 1917 by F. W. Popenoe, USDA, from Antigua, Gnat. Fruit dark green; rough; spherical; 12-16 ozs.; thick, hard shell; seed rather small; rich flavor. Season Mar-Jun. at Antigua, May-Sept. of second season in Calif. Difficult to propagate. Marketability poor.

CADY (Guat.)

Originated on place of L. D. Cady, 964 Menlo St., Los Angeles. Fruit green to dark maroon when mature; slightly pebbled; pyriform; 8 ozs.; seed rather large. Season Nov-Mar, in Los Angeles.

CALABASH (Guat. x W. I.)

Originated 1914 from intentional cross on Wilder tree, planted in yard of S. G. Wilder, at Honolulu. Fruit dull green to almost black; slightly rough; almost oval, narrowed at stem; 16 ozs.; seed medium to large. Season late fall or early winter in Honolulu. Desc. Hawaii Agr. Exp. Sta. Bul. 51.

CALIENTE (Mex.)

Introduced by M. Garcia, Duarte, Calif., from Mexico. Fruit deep mahogany-red; smooth, glossy; long pyriforni, necked; 4-9 ozs.; seed medium, often loose. Oil content 18%. Season Oct.-Dec. Marketability poor.

CALIFORNIA. Syn. of Wagner

CALIFORNIA TRAPP. Syn. of Verde

CAMEL (Guat.)

Originated about 1922 by A. R. Rideout, Whittier, Calif. Fruit green; rough and pebbly; elongated oval; 12-16 ozs.; skin thick but soft; seed large, 3˝ ozs., often loose; flavor very good. Season May-Jul. 15 at Vista. Tendency f or flesh to darken next to seed.

CAMPBELL (W. I.)

Originated in Hawaii. Fruit dark purple; oval to oblong; 1˝-5 lbs.; quality very good. Season summer and early fall in Hawaii.

CANTEL (Guat.) S.P.I. 44783.

Introduced 1917 by F. W. Popenoe, USDA, from Antigua, Gnat. Fruit green; pebbled; spherical; 16 ozs.; hard thick shell; seed very small. Season Mar.-May at Antigua, Dec-Feb. or Mar. in Fla. Aug.-SePt. at No. Whittier, Calif.

CANTO (Guat.)

Introduced 1911 by Carl Schmidt for West India Gardens, Altadena, Calif., from Atlixco, Mex. Fruit yellowish green; slightly rough; obovoid; 16 ozs.; seed small. Season Jan. at Atlixco.

CANYADA (Mex.)

Introduced 1911 by Carl Schmidt for West India Gardens, Altadena, Calif., from Canyada, Rex. Fruit black; oval to pyriform; large for Mexican, seed medium, rich flavor. Season Jul-Aug. At Canyada, Sept.-Oct. in Calif.

CAPAC (Mex.) S.P.I. 53893 and 54276.

Introduced 1921 by F. W. Popenoe, USDA, from Chota Valley, Ecuador. Fruit purplish black; glossy; oblong-pyriforin; 9 ozs.; seed medium, loose; much dark fiber. Season Jan.-Mar. in Ecuador, Oct. at Upland, Calif.

CARABAS (Guat.)

Introduced about 1915 as budded tree from Mexico, by Ernest Rivers, Monrovia, Calif. Fruit green; 16 ozs.; seed medium; flavor and quality excellent. Season May-Jun. Shy bearer at Vista.

CARCHI (Mex.) S.P.I. 53185

Introduced 1921 by F. W. Popenoe. USDA, from San Vicente, Ecuador. Fruit dull purple; oblate; 8 ozs.; seed large oblate. Season Jan.-Mar. in Ecuador.

CARDINAL (W. I.)

Originated in Fla. Fruit red mottled with yellow; pyrifonn; seed small. Season Sept. in S. Fla. Young foliage crimson. Now grown in Philippines.

CARIBOU (Guat.)

Originated 1916 at W. A. Spinks place, Duarte, Calif. Fruit green; slightly rough, glossy; oblique spherical; 12 ozs.; seed medium. Season Mar-Aug. at Duarte.

CARLSBAD (Guat.) Same as Stephens No.2 at Montebello

Introduced 1912 from Mexico by A. R. Rideout and W. D. Stephens, first fruited at Carlsbad. Fruit dark purple; smooth; pyriform; 10-15 ozs.; skin medium thickness; seed medium, variable, conical; flavor very good. Oil content 13.5%. Season Apr.-Jun. lime. Assoc. Yearbook 1927, p. 81. A prolific, regular bearer, still being propagated.

CARMEN (Mex.)

Introduced 1911 by Carl Schmidt f or West India Gardens, Altadena, Calif., from San Lois Potosi, Fruit purple; pyriform.

CARTON (Mex.)

Originated 1907 from seed of large green fruit from Guadalajara, Mex. Owned by P. F. Carton, San Fernando, Calif. Fruit purple to black; oval to pyriform; 6-8 ozs.; seed medium. Season Oct.-Dec. at San Fernando.

CASE (Gnat.)

Originated in garden of D. H. Case. Wailuku, Maui, Hawaii, as seedling of Rains. Fruit dark green; nearly smooth, glossy; long pyriform, necked; 16-18 ozs.; seed small. Season Oct-Mar. at Wailuku. Illus. and desc. Hawaii Agr. Exp. Sta. Bul. 51. Still being propagated in Hawaii.

CHABIL (Guat.) S.P.I. 45564.

Introduced 1917 by F. W. Popenoe, USDA, from near Antigua, Guat. Fruit deep purple; smooth; spherical; 9 ozs.; seed rather small. Season Nov-Mar, in Gust.

CHALLENGE (Guat.)

Originated as seed planted about 1898 at J. H. Walker place, 1547 Las Palmas Ave., Hollywood, Calif., by a Mr. Sumner; propagated 1912. Fruit dark purple; smooth; obliquely spherical; 14-24 ozs.; skin thick; seed large, round, slightly pointed; quality poor. Oil content 14% - Season Mar. Jul. Illus. Asso. Yearbook 1916, p. 126. Analyses Calif. Agr. Exp. Sta. Bul. 365, revised, p. 72. Shipping quality fair but very variable in different districts.

CHAMPION (Guat.)

Originated from seed planted 1902 by C. P. Taft, Orange, Calif. Fruit green; almost smooth; obovoid; 14-20 ozs.; seed medium, round. Season Jun.-Sept. at Orange.

CHAPPELOW (Mex.) S.P.I. 12934.

Originated as seed received through USDA, from near Monterrey, Mex., planted 1893 by Wm. Chappelow at Monrovia, Calif., propagated about 1902. Fruit dull purple; smooth; slender pyriform; 4 - 8 ozs.; seed large. Oil content 23%. Season Jul-Oct. at Monrovia. illus in color, USDA Yearbook in 1906. p1. 31.

CHILAN (Guat.) S.P.I. 43933.

Introduced 1916 by F. W. Popenoe, USDA, from San Cristobal, Guat. Fruit bright green; nearly smooth; pyriform; 8 ozs.; seed unusually small. Season early Oct. to Nov. in Guat.

CHILE (Guat.)

Introduced 1911 from Chile by D. K. Clower, Monrovia, Calif. Fruit originally reported as green and pyriform. California specimens are almost black; oval; very large seed.

CHISOY (Guat.) S.P.I. 43935.

Introduced 1917 by F. W. Popenoe, USDA, from San Cristobal, Guat. Fruit bright green; pebbled; spherical; 20-24 ozs.; seed small to medium. Season Feb-Apr. in Guat.

CHOICE (Guat.) Syn. Stephens Choice.

Introduced 1912 by Win. Stephens, Montebello, Calif., from Atlixco, Mex. Fruit green; smooth; slightly pyriform to spherical; 16-20 ozs.; seed medium to large. Season May 1-Aug. in So. Calif.

CHOQUETTE (Guat. x W. I.)

Originated on place of R. D. Choquette, Miami from seed of unknown origin planted in Jan. 1929. Fruited first in 1934, propagated in 1939. Fruit oval; 30-40 ozs.; skin nearly smooth, glossy, dark green, somewhat leathery; flesh thick, yellow; seed medium size, tight in cavity. Oil content 13%. Season Jan-Mar. Good quality; heavy bearing habit in alternate years; fairly resistant to disease; chiefly for home production. Certified 1942.

CHOTA (Mex.) S.P.I. 53184 and 54272.

Introduced 1921 by F. W. Popenoe, USDA, from Chota Valley, Eucador. Fruit maroon to purple; oval or nearly spherical; 10 ozs.; seed small, loose. Season Feb.-Apr. in Ecuador; Oct. at Upland, Calif.

CHRISTIE (Guat.)

Originated as seedling of Royal on place of Mr. Christie, Christie Film Co., Los Angeles fruiting in 1925. Fruit green; rough; 16 ozs.; Season early.

CHRISTMAS GRAND (W. I.)

Mentioned in catalog Indian River nurseries, West Palm Beach, Fla., 1925, as identical with Pollock but ripening three months later.

CHRISTMAS RED (W. I.)

Originated as seedling of Trapp in Fla. Fruit mahogany-red shading to purple; oval; quality excellent. Season Nov-Dec.

CLOWER (Guat.)

Originated 1914 on place of T. H. Shedden, Monrovia, Calif., as budded tree from D. K. Clower. Fruit green; rough; long pyriform; seed large. Season May-Jun.

COBAN (Guat.) S.P.I. 43932.

Introduced 1916 by F. W. Popenoe, USDA, from Coban, Guat. Fruit deep green; slightly rough; pyriform; 15 ozs.; seed small; flavor rich. Season Feb-Mar, at Coban.

COCKETT (Guat.)

Originated 1922 as seedling of Case at place of Mrs. Pia Cockett, Wailuku, Maui, Hawaii, fruited in 3rd year. Fruit purplish; undulated but smooth; oval to pyriform; 32 ozs.; seed large; flavor very good. Season fall at Wailuku. Illus. and desc. Hawaii Agr. Exp. Sta. Bul. 51. One of the important commercial varieties in Hawaii.

COLIMA (Guat.) Syn. Johnston No. 5

Introduced 1912 by West India Gardens, Altadena, Calif., from Coliina Mex. Fruit light green with purple blush; obovoid; large; hard-shelled; seed medium. Season Oct-Nov. in Calif.

COLLA (Guat.) S.P.I. 190~8.

Introduced 1906 as seed by G. N. Collins, USDA, from Guat. Fruit dark green; spherical; 6-12 ozs.; thick hard shell. Season Jan-Feb. in Fla.

COLLASON (Guat. x W. I.)

Originated as Cross with Coils at Miami, Fla.

COLLINRED (Guat. x W. I.) S.P.I. 62376

Originated 1916 at U. S. P1. Intro. Gard., Miami, Fla., as seedling of Collins and a sister of Collinson. Fruit dark brownish-purple; smooth; oblique.obovoid, stem often inserted obliquely; 14-24 ozs.; skin fairly thick; seed fairly small, sometimes loose; flavor rich. Oil content 8-12%. Season Oct. 15-Nov. Not propagated commercially.

COLLINRED (Seedling B) (Guat. x W. I.) S.P.I. 196941

Originated 1925 at U. S. P1. Intro. Gard., Miami, Fla., as seedling of Collinred, Propagated 1934. Fruit dull light green, often with deep maroon blush; smooth or slightly rough; oblong obovoid, slightly flattened at stem; 16-30 ozs.; skin thin but tough; seed medium large, often loose. Oil content 6-8%. Season Oct-Nov. 15. Not of commercial importance.

COLLINS (Guat.) S.P.I. 19086.

Introduced by G. N. Collins USDA, from Guatemala. Fruit green; rough; broadly pyriform; 10-12 ozs.; Season Feb. 15-Apr. 15 in Fla.

COLLINSON (Guat. x W. I.)

Originated from seed of Collins planted 1915 at U. S. P1. Intro. Gard., Miami, Fla. Fruit dark green; smooth, usually glossy; obovoid to elliptical; 18-30 ozs.; skin leathery; seed medium, oblate. Oil content 12-16%. Season Nov. 15-Feb. 1 in Fla. hardy as Guatemalan in Fla. A popular variety recommended for all Fla. avocado sections. Flowers have no pollen and must be cross pollinated.

COLOMBIA S.P.I. 51105.

Introduced 1920 by F. W. Popenoe, USDA, from Rio Frio, Colombia. Fruit green; oval; 24 ozs. quality excellent. Earliest in region where found.

COLON

Introduced 1911 by Carl Schmidt for West India Gardens, Altadena, Calif., from Atlixco, Mex. Fruit dark green; nearly smooth; slender pyriform; 12 ozs.; seed small. Season Jan. at Atlixco.

COLORADO (Guat.) Syn. Purple Murrieta.

Originated about 1901 from seed from Atlixco, Mex., planted by Juan Murrieta, 765 College St., Los Angeles, Calif., propagated 1912. Parent tree moved May 1914 to Murrietas new home, 827 So. Kenmore Ave., Los Angeles. Fruit rusty purple; spherical, coarse; 14-18 ozs.; skin medium thickness; seed medium, nearly conical; quality high. Oil content 13.5%. Season Apr-Jul. of second season. Nursery trees grow poorly, should be topworked on established trees. Shipping and market quality good.

COLORADOS (Guat.) S.P.I. 43603.

Introduced 1916 from C. W. Martin, Tegucigalpa, Hond., to USDA. Fruit red; pyriform; Largest and hardiest variety of Honduras.

COMMODORE

Introduced in 1906 from Coconut Grove, Fla., to Phil. Fruit deep purple; coarsely granular; glossy; obovoid to pyriform; seed small, broad, conical; quality fair, rather fibrous. Season Aug.-Sept. at Lamao, Phil. Illus. and desc. Bu. Agri. Phil. Is. Circ. 212. Adapted to conditions in Lamao district and a regular bearer; not attacked by wood borer.

CONDON (Mex.)

Originated at Pasadena, Calif., fruiting in 1915. Fruit purplish-black, glossy; oblique pyriform; 6-7 ozs.; Season Sept.-Oct. at Pasadena.

COOK (Guat.)

An early introduction by USDA. Fruit spherical; small; rough. Season Feb-Mar, in Fla.

COOPER (W. I.)

Originated in Hawaii. Fruit green; smooth; oval; 24 ozs.; seed large, loose; quality good. Season summer in Hawaii.

COURTRIGHT (M)

Originated on place of H. M. Courtright, Lakeland, Fla., from seed of unknown origin planted about 1932. Two seeds were planted close together and the resulting seedlings finally grew together at the base, the other seedling being now named Van Kortryk. Fruited first in 1941. Fruit pyriform; 8-12 ozs.; skin thin; purple; flesh yellow; seed fairly large, loose in cavity. Oil content 15%. Season Sept.-Oct. Certified 1942.

COWANE (Mex.)

Originated at Tujunga, Calif. Fruit black; 6-8 ozs.; Season Sept.-Nov.

CUMMINS

Sent 1912 from Altadena, Calif., to Lamao, Phil. Fruit dark purple; rough; roundish oblate; 7-14 ozs.; skin thin; seed medium, oblate. Season Sept.-Oct. at Lamao. A shy and irregular bearer.

CYRUS

Introduced 1907 from St. Petersburg, Fla., to Phil. Fruit greenish yellow, smooth, glossy; oblong. pyriform; 12 ozs.; skin very thin; seed medium, conical, loose. Season Sept.-Oct. in S. Fla, Aug.-Sept. at Lamao, Phil.

DADE (W. I.) S.P.I. 50968

Originated as seedling of Trapp at U. S. Pl. Intro. Gard., Miami, Fla. Fruit green; spherical; quality excellent. Season Nov. at Miami.

DANDELYON (Guat.)

Propagated 1922 by A. R. Rideout, Whittier, Calif., from a bud variation of Lyon. Fruit long pyriform; seed medium. Season Jan-May at Whittier.

DARWIN (Mex.)

Fruit purplish black; elongated pear; 6-9 ozs.; seed small; skin peels from flesh. Season Oct-Nov.

DEFIANCE (Guat.)

Originated as seedling of Challenge on A. R. Rideout place, Whittier, Calif. Fruit deep purple; 16 ozs.; hard shell; seed small.

DELICIOUS (Guat.)

Originated at Pasadena, Calif. Fruit purple; 9 ozs.

DEL ROSA (Guat.)

Originated at Bishop Nursery, Highland, Calif. Exhibited 1921.

DICKEY (Guat.)

Originated from seed from Atlixco, Mex.; planted about 1904 at E. W. Dickey place, head La Brea Ave., Hollywood, Calif., propagated 1912. Fruit green; somewhat rough; pyriform; 14-24 ozs.; seed small. Oil content 21.5%. Season Feb-Jun. in Calif., Nov. in Fla, Difficult to propagate in nursery. Shipping quality not promising.

DICKEY A. (Guat.)

Originated about 1904 from seed from Mex., planted at E. W. Dickey place, head La Brea Ave., Hollywood, Calif. Fruit dark purple, black when ripe; pyriform; 14-20 ozs.; skin thick, smooth; seed small, round; fine quality. Oil content 13.5%. Season Feb-Jul. Analysis in An. Rept. 1919-20, p. 63. A fair market fruit.

DICKINSON (Guat.) S.P.I. 39370

Originated about 1899 as seed from Guatemala City, Guat., planted at A. J. Dickinson place, 679 W. 35th St., Los Angeles, propagated 1912. Tree moved to Exposition Park in 1931. Fruit dark purple; pebbled to nearly smooth; round to obovoid; 9-18 ozs.; skin thick; seed small, round. Oil content 13.5%. Season May-Oct. of second season. Illus. An. Rept. 1916, p. 127; also Calif. Agr. Ext. Ste. Bul. 365, revised, p. 61. Analysis same bulletin, p. 72; and U.S. Dept Agr. Bul. 1073. Marketability lessening on account of hard shell. Now grown in Philippines.

DILLINGHAM (W. I.)

Originated in Hawaii. Fruit green; smooth, pitted when ripe; pyriform; 24 ozs.; seed medium to large; quality good. Season late summer in Hawaii.

DODEN

Originated at place of Hans Doden, San Jose, Phil., bearing before 1929. Fruit dark purple; smooth; oblong-pyrifonn, long neck, stem offset; flesh yellowish mottled with purple. Has two crops, May and Nov-Dec. Illus. Phil. Agr. Rev. Vol. 22, p1. 23, a. 1929.

DON (Guat.) Registered 1935

Originated about 1926 by Don Stewart, at 3227 Grim St., San Diego, Calif. Fruit dark purple; oval to spherical; 10-12 ozs.; skin leathery, thick, smooth; seed rather large; flavor excellent minus. Oil test 22.5%. Season Apr. 1-Aug. 1 at San Diego. Vigorous, upright growth, a consistent bearer, keeping quality good, not widely tested.

DON CARLOS (W. I.) S.P.I. 40979.

Introduced 1915 by F. W. Popenoe, USDA, from near Placetas, Cuba. Fruit light green; spherical; small; seed very small; exceptionally good quality. Season Aug-Oct. at Placetas.

DOROTHEA (Guat. x Mex.)

Originated about 1913 as seedling from the parent Miller tree at Jacob Miller place, Hollywood. Calif. Fruit light green; smooth; obovoid; 8-16 ozs.; seed medium to large, conical. Season Nov. - .Feb at Hollywood and N. Whittier. Shipping quality very poor.

DOUGLAS

Introduced from USDA to Phil. in 1915. Fruit deep purple; smooth, glossy; obovoid to pyriform; 1818 ozs.; seed loose in cavity; quality good. Season Aug.-Sept. at Lamao, Phil. Illus. and desc. Phil Is Bu. Agr. Circ. 212. A very shy bearer

DUKE (Mex.)

Originated 1912 from seed planted at Sunnyslope Nursery, Bangor, Butte Co., Calif. Fruit green; nearly smooth; pyriform; 8-12 ozs.; seed medium, not always tight; quality excellent. Oil content 21%. Season Sept.-Nov Tree vigorous, very hardy to cold, wind resistant, productive. Fine for home planting in colder interior districts. Parent tree dead.

DUNEDIN (Guat.) Syn. Skinner

Originated 1920 on L. B. Skinner place Dunedin, Fla., as seedling of Winslow. Fruit dull light - green; smooth; rounded.-obovoid; 12-20 ozs.; skin fairly thick; seed fairly large; flavor excellent. Oil content 12-16% Season Dec. 15-Jan. in Fla.

DUTTON (Guat,)

Originated as seedling by K. C. Dutton planted about 1910 on Otto Keup place, Palm Ave. and Ball Road, Anaheim, Calif. Fruit dark maroon; very rough, warty; pyriform; 12-24 ozs.; skin thick seed medium to small. Oil content 12.5%. Season Jan-May. Marketability very poor. Original tree in good condition Aug. 1927.

EAGLE ROCK. Syn. of Galloupe

EARLY (W. I.) Syn. Cuban Early

Mentioned in Fla. Exp. Sta. Press Bul, 244, 1916. No longer propagated.

EDDY (Mex.)

Originated 1928 by J. K. Eddy at Fallbrook, Calif. Fruit dark purple to black; smooth; obovoid; 7 ozs.; quality good; seed medium, Oil test 24.5%. Season Oct-Nov.

EDMONDS (Guat. x W. I.)

Originated on place of Tom Edmonds, near Homestead, Fla., about 1920 as seedling of unknown origin. Fruiting first observed in 1935. Fruit oval; 2 4-35 ozs.; skin smooth, green; seed rather small. Season Sept.-Oct. Flavor very good. Certified 1942.

EDRANOL (Guat.) Registered 1932

Originated 1927 as seedling from A. R. Rideout, planted by E. R. Mullen at Vista, Calif., fruited 1931, propagated 1932 when parent tree was dying. Fruit olive green; slightly rough; pyriform 11-12 ozs.; skin thin for Guat., leathery; seed very small, % oz.; flavor good plus. Oil content 22.5%. Season Feb-Jul. at Vista, Apr-Dec. at Santa Barbara. Upright vigorous growth, propagates readily, bears early and regularly. Original tree dead.

EGAS (Mex.) S.P.I. 53183 and 54271.

Introduced 1921 by F. W. Popenoe, USDA, from Chota Valley, Ecuador. Fruit deep maroon-purple; glossy; broadly obovoid; 8-12 ozs.; seed medium to small. Season Dec-Feb. in Chota Valley. Less desirable than Puebla in Calif.

EGBERTO (Guat. x Mex.)

Originated about 1929 by Chas. D. Adams near Upland, Calif., named for his son. Fruit light green; pyriform; 12-16 ozs.; seed medium; quality good. Season Oct-Nov.

ELSIE (Guat.) Patent Pending

Originated at Whittier, Calif., about 1930 from seed of Quaker, Fruit green and similar to Fuerte in appearance and shape. Seed medium to large; 8-14 ozs.; Oil content 18-24%. Season May-Jul. Vigorous grower, upright, heavy bearer,

ENOI (W. I.)

Originated at Honolulu. Fruit green; smooth; oblong-pyriform; 1-3 lbs.; seed small, loose.

ESBANK (W. I.)

Originated in Hawaii as seedling of Preston. Fruit dark purple; almost smooth; 18-26 ozs.; seed medium; quality excellent. Oil content 12.6%. Season late summer in Hawaii; still being propagated there.

ESTELLE (W. I.)

Originated in H. H. Harrison grove near Fulford, Fla. Fruit green; oval; 12-24 ozs.; seed medium. Season late Jun-Jul. in Fla. No longer propagated.

FAIRCHILD. See Collinred Seedling B

FAIRHEAD (Guat.)

Originated 1917 on G. E. Fairhead place, Eagle Rock, Calif., from a seed from Hawaii, Fruit mahogany-purple; slightly roughened; pyriform to broad oval; 14-20 ozs.; seed medium to small. Season Mar-Apr. at Eagle Rock.

FAMILY (W. I.) S.P.I. 12935

Originated about 1897 on place at Buena Vista, Fla., later owned by Prof. P. H. Rolfs and introduced by him 1904. Fruit yellowish-green shading to purplish-red; seed medium, Season Jul.-Sept. in Fla. Illus. in color and desc. in USDA Yearbook 1910, p. 431. Now grown in Phil.

FARNSWORTH

Originated in Hawaii. Fruit green; smooth; obovoid; 24 ozs.; seed medium, loose. Season Aug-Sept. in Hawaii.

FERRY (Guat.)

Originated as seedling planted 1898 on Dr. F. C. Ferry place, Hollywood Blvd. and Serrano Ave., Hollywood, Calif. Fruit green; rough; nearly pyriform; 5-8 ozs.; seed small. Season Apr-Jun. at Hollywood.

FIFTEEN (Guat.) Syn. Stephens No. 15.

Introduced by W. D. Stephens, Montebello Calif., from Mexico. Fruit greenish. purple; slightly rough; long pyriform; necked; 17 ozs.; seed medium. Oil content 16%. Season Mar-Apr. Shipping quality poor. Many old trees still bearing.

FOWLER (Mex.)

Originated from seed planted 1902 on place of Mrs. K. M. Fowler, 363 Grove St., Pasadena, Calif. Fruit light green; smooth; oblong to oval; 4-8 ozs.; seed medium. Oil content 21%, Season Oct-Dec.

FRANCES (Guat.)

Originated 1927 on A. R. Rideont place, Whittier, Calif. Fruit light green; smooth; pyriform; 14 ozs - skin leathery; seed medium; quality good. Season Nov-Feb. at Whittier. Tree a vigorous grower, easy of propagation, precocious and a good bearer.

FREY (Guat.)

Originated 1915 from seed planted by 0. Ruf at Baldwin Park, Calif. Fruit green, turning dark purple on softening; almost smooth; pyriform; 15-18 ozs.; skin leathery; seed small; flavor excellent. Season Jul. 15-Sept. 15.

FUCHSIA (W. I.) Syn. Fuchs and Fuchs Early

Originated about 1910 from seed of unknown origin on place of C. T. Fuchs, Sr., Homestead Pie., propagated commercially 1926. Fruit light green; smooth; pyriform to oblong, Occasionally necked; 10-18 ozs.; seed medium, loose; flavor good. Oil content 4-6%, Season late Jun-early Aug. in Fla. Illus. and desc. Fla. Agr. Exp. Sta, Bul. 272. Thrifty, prolific and precocious but rather tender to frost. Recommended for So. Fla.

FUERTE (Guat. x Mex.)

Introduced 1911 as No. 15 by Carl Schmidt for West India Gardens Altadena, Calif., from Atlixco Mex., elev. 6150 ft. Fruit green; slightly pebbled; pyriform; 8-16 ozs.; skin thin; seed medium’ conical; flavor very good. Oil content 18%. Season Nov-June in So. Calif. Dec-Jan in Fla winter in Hawaii. Illus. in An. Rept. 1916, pp. 140-141, also Calif. Agr. Ext. Serv. Circ, 43, revised, p. 75. Analyses in Yearbook 1920-21, p. 72; in Jour. Agr. Res, Vol. 5, No. 9, May 1 1937, and in USDA Bul, 1073. A very spreading vigorous tree with decidedly alternate year bearing habit. The leading variety in Calif. for shipping and general market, furnishes 60-70% of state production. For accounts of parent tree see 1919-20 An. Kept. pp. 40-43 and 1936, PP. 86-92.

FULFORD (W. I.)

Grown before 1916 at U. S. Pl. Intro. Gard., Miami, Fla. Obsolete.

FURNIVAL No. 1 Syn. of Ameca

GAGE (Guat.)

Originated on E. D. Gage place, Fullerton, Calif. Fruit green; rough; spherical; 12-16 ozs.; seed medium. Season Aug. at Fullerton.

GALLOUPE (Guat.) Syn. Eagle Rock and so called in Florida.

Originated on Galloupe place, Eagle Rock, Calif. Fruit green; nearly spherical; 24-32 ozs.; seed medium, Season spring in Calif., Jan-Mar. 15 in Fla. Illus. and desc. Fla. Agr. Exp. Sta. Bul. 272.

GALVANA

GALVANA GREEN

Both mentioned in Rept. St. Lucia Dept. Agr. 1935, pp. 21, 25.

GANTER (Mex.) S.P.I. 39374,

Originated 1905 as seedling tree planted by A. R. Rideont at 622 Magnolia St., Whittier, Calif. Later owned by A. M. Ganter then by H. A. Woodworth, propagated 1908. Fruit green; smooth; oval; 4-9 ozs.; seed small to medium, usually loose; quality good. Oil content 18%. Season Oct-Dec. Illus. in An. Rept. 1916, p. 129; illus. and analysis Calif. Agr. Exp. Ste. Bul. 365, reprint, pp. 57 and 64. Shipping quality poor, fair for local markets but spoils at apex. Now grown in Phil.

GARCIA (of California) (Guat.)

Originated 1921 on M. Garcia place. Duarte, Calif. Fruit green; smooth; pyriform; 15-20 ozs.; seed medium, sometimes loose. Season Jan. - Mar.

GARCIA (of Puerto Rico). Syn. E. Garcia

Listed as native variety in Rept. Agr. Exp. Sta., Univ. Puerto Rico. 1934-35.

GERTZ (W. I.)

Originated in Hawaii. Fruit maroon; smooth; pitted; pyriform; 24-32 ozs.; seed medium; quality fair. Season Jun-Aug. in Hawaii.

GLORIA (Guat.)

Originated 1913 at Chas. Lange place, West Anaheim, Calif. Fruit green; oval; 16-20 ozs.; seed medium, Season late Mar. or Apr.

GOERING

Originated as possible Fuerte seedling from John Beach grown by F. G. Goering of Ozona, Fla.

GOLDIE

Originated at San Diego, Calif. Oil content 26.7%.

GOMEZ Syn. Generalissimo Maximo Gomez

A Cuban variety listed in 1917. Fruit large, delicious. Season Dec-Jan.

GORDO (Guat.)

Introduced 1911 by Carl Schmidt for West India Gardens, Altadena, Calif. from Atlixco, Mex. Fruit deep purple; rough; nearly spherical; about 4 in. long. Season May-Jun. in Calif.

GOTTFRIED (Mex.) S.P.I. 19094 and 46337.

Originated from seed planted 1906 at U. S. Pl. Intro. Gard., Miami, Fla., received from Edward Gottfried, Key Largo, Fla. Fruit purplish maroon; pyriform; 10-20 ozs.; seed medium; quality fair to good. Oil content 9-13%. Season Aug.-Sept. in Fla. Deco. in Fla. Agr. Exp. Ste. Bul. 272.

GOVERNMENT HOUSE

Mentioned in Rept. St. Lucia Dept. Agr. 1935, p. 21

GRAHAM (Guat.) Registered 1945

Originated at La Habra, Calif. by M. M. Graham. Fruit pyriform; dark green; 12 ozs.; seed 3/4 ozs., tight in cavity; skin medium, does not peel. Oil content 26.59%. Flavor good minus. Season May-Sept. -

GRANDE (Guat.)

Introduced 1911 by Carl Schmidt for West India Gardens, Altadena, Calif., from Atlixco, Mex. Fruit green to purplish when fully mature; rough; pyriform; 32 ozs.; seed medium. Season Dec. at Atlixco, Dec. 1-Jan. 15 in Fla.; Apr-May in Calif.

GRANT (W. I.) S.P.I. 18731

Introduced 1906 from Grantown. Bahama Is. to U. S. Pl. Intro. Gard., Miami, Fla.

GUADALUPE (W. I.) S.P.I. 40989.

Introduced 1915 by F. W. Popenoe, USDA, from near Placetes, Cuba. Fruit green; broad pyriform; 12-14 ozs.; seed medium. Season Sept. in Calif.

GUAMEX (Guat. x Mex.)

Originated at Orange, Calif. Fruit black; smooth; oblique obovoid; 8 ozs.; seed large. Season Jan-Apr. at San Diego.

GUATEMALA (Guat.)

Introduced by USDA, fruited in Fla. Apr. 1914. Said to be same as Taylor.

GULFSTREAM (Guat. x W. I.)

Originated on place of Geo. W. Smith, West Palm Beach, about 1934 as seedling of unknown origin. Fruited first 1940. Fruit obliquely pyriform; 14-20 ozs.; skin nearly smooth, glossy; bright green; somewhat leathery but brittle; flesh bright yellow; seed rather large. Oil content 11% -Season Nov-Dec. Heavy bearing in alternate years. Not disease resistant; quality good. Certified 1944.

GULICK (W. I.)

Originated at Honolulu. Fruit green; somewhat rough; obovoid; 22 ozs.; seed small; quality very good.

GURREY (W. I.)

Originated at Honolulu. Fruit purple; smooth; obovoid; 2 4-32 ozs.; seed medium, loose; quality excellent. Season summer in Honolulu.

HABERSHAM (Guat., possibly W. I. hybrid). Syn. Shernean

Originated about 1907 on Sherman place, Hollywood, Calif., from seed from Honduras. Fruit light green; smooth; long pyriform, necked, stem offset; 20-30 ozs.; seed medium to large, loose. Season spring at Hollywood; Dec-Jan. at N. Whittier Hts.

HADEN (W. I.) S.P.I. 13730

Presented 1905 to USDA, Garden, Miami, Fla,, by George B. Cellon. Obsolete.

HALEY (Guat.)

Originated 1918 as seedling of Macdonald planted on ranch of Haley Bros., Pupukea Oahu, Hawaii, Fruit green; smooth, glossy; oval; 19 ozs.; seed rather large. Season winter at Honolulu. Illus. and desc. Hawaii Agr. Exp. Ste. Bul. 51. Probably the leading commercial variety in Hawaii.

HALL

Originated on place of Willis Hall, Miami, as seedling of unknown origin. Fruited first in 1937, propagated in 1938. Fruit pyriforzn, 20-30 ozs.; skin smooth, dark green, fairly thick; flesh deep yellow; seed medium large, tight in cavity. Oil content 12-16%. Season Nov-Dec. A very handsome and fine quality fruit, apparently heavy bearing, hardy to cold.

HARDEE (W. I.)

Fruit greenish yellow; elliptical; 16-20 ozs.; Season Aug. in Fla.

HARDY (Mex.) Syn. Taft Hardy.

Originated at C. P. Taft place, Orange, Calif. propagated 1913. Fruit purple; obovoid; 3-5 ozs. Mr. Taft neither named nor propagated this and believed it worthless.

HARMAN (Mex.) S.P.I. 39375

Originated as seedling received 1899 from Mex. by Mrs. Chas. Horn and planted on her place, later owned by E. N. Harman, Foothill Blvd., Hollywood, Calif. Fruited 1905, propagated 1910. Fruit green shading to reddish purple; smooth, glossy; obliquely obovoid; 10 ozs.; seed large, often loose. Oil content 19%. Season Oct-Dec. Thus. An. Kept. 1916, p. 139. Shipping quality poor, fair for local markets but spoils at apex. Many fine old trees still bearing, seeds in demand for rootstocks.

HARRIS (Guat.)

Originated at Homestead, Fla., from seed of Wagner planted in 1930. Fruited first 1933, propagated commercially 1938. Fruit obovate; 14-18 ozs.; skin pebbled, medium green, fairly thick. Flesh light yellow, with some trace of fiber but good quality. Seed medium large, tight in cavity. Oil content 10-16%. Season Dec. 15-Feb. 15. The variety resembles Wagner greatly, but has thicker flesh and smaller seed. and apparently is more thrifty.

HART

Originated in Hawaii. Fruit green; undulate; pyriform, necked; 29 ozs.; seed medium; quality good.

HART RUSSET (Guat.)

Originated at E. G. Hart place, N. Whittier Heights, Calif. Fruit green; oblong-oval; seed medium. Season Oct-Dec.

HASS (Guat.) Registered 1932. Plant patent 139, Aug. 27. 1935

Originated 1926 from seed planted by Rudolph G. Hass at 430 West Road, La Habra Hts., Calif. Fruit green till soft then turns black; very slightly pebbled; pyriform; 7-12 ozs.; skin thin for Guatemalan, leathery; seed small; flavor good plus to excellent. Oil test 18-22%, Season May-Nov. of second year at La Habra. A vigorous upright grower, propagates readily, a consistent bearer, should have further trial.

HATHAWAY (Mex.)

Originated from seedling planted 1904 on B. Hathaway place, Hollywood, Calif. Fruit green; oval; 5-8 ozs.; seed loose. Season Sept.-Oct.

HAWAII (Probably a hybrid, largely W. I.)

Fruit dark green; pebbled; spherical to elliptical; 14-28 ozs.; quality fair, Season Jun-Aug. in Fla., one of earliest varieties there. A shy bearer.

HAYES

Originated in Hollywood, Calif.

HAYMAN (W. I.)

Originated in Puerto Rico. Fruit somewhat spherical, large.

HAZZARD (Guat.) Registered 1932

Originated 1928 from Lyon seed by A. G. Hazzard at Vista, Calif. Fruit green; rather rough; pyriform; decidedly oblique; 12-16 ozs.; skin thin; seed small to large; flavor good plus. Oil content 27.5%. Season Apr-Jul.

HELIX (Mex.)

Originated 1928 at Avocado Villas, La Mesa, Calif., first fruited 1930. Fruit green; somewhat spherical; oblique; 8 ozs.; seed medium; fiber conspicuous. Season Oct-Nov. Very early, heavy bearer.

HELLEN (Guat.) Registered Nov., 1938

Registered by Mrs. S. L. Duey, 1227 - 26th St., Santa Monica, Calif. Original tree at 913 - 20th St., Santa Monica. Fruit dark green; pear shaped; 9˝ ozs.; seed 1 oz.; tight: flavor good. Oil content 21.7%, Oct. 1938. Season Jan.-Sept. A fruit of good appearance and some promise.

HENRY’S SELECT (Mex.) Patent 234, Feb. 9, 1937

Originated 1925 as seedling by Jesse L. Jones near Escondido, Calif. Fruit deep maroon purple; smooth, glossy; obovoid; 12-14 ozs.; seed small, conical, loose when mature. Oil content 18%. Season Sept.-Nov. at Escondido.

HERMAN (Guat. x W. I.)

Originated on place of W. F. Herman, Coconut Grove, Fla., from seed of unknown origin planted in 1935. Fruited first in 1937, from topworking, propagated commercially in 1939. Fruit obovate, slightly flattened laterally below; small size; 10-14 ozs.; skin green, glossy smooth, rather thin, pliable; flesh yellow; seed small. Oil content 10-14%. Season Nov. 15-Jan. 15. This variety has proven fairly prolific and hardy to cold.

HERNANDEZ (W. I.) Syn. Manuel

Originated 1916 at Santiago at Las Vegas, Cuba. Fruit green; pyriform, necked; 24-30 ozs.; seed medium to large. Season Nov-Dec. in Cuba.

HICKSON (Guat.)

Originated in grove of J. K. Hickson, Naranja, Fla., as seedling of unknown parentage. Fruited in 1932, topworked in 1933, nursery propagated in 1938. Fruit obovate; medium small; 16-20 ozs.; skin green, slightly rough, thick, brittle; flesh light yellow; seed small, tight. Oil content 8-10%. Season Dec.-Jan. Heavy bearing in alternate years, fruit hanging well in windstorms, but lacking cold-resistance. Extensively topworked in Redland area, now being used in new plantings also.

HIMEBAUGH

Grown in Calif., 1919. Seed small; 10-15 ozs.; Season Oct-Dec.

HOFF (Guat.)

Originated 1911 on J. E. Hoff place, Hollywood, Calif. Fruit green; nearly spherical to pyriform; 12-20 ozs.; seed small. Season fall to Jan. in Hollywood.

HOLLENBECK (Mex.)

Originated at Hollenbeck place, Los Angeles propagated about 1912. Fruit green shaded with russet; oval; 4-8 ozs.; seed large. Season Oct.

HOLT (Guat.)

Originated about 1914 in Honolulu. Fruit green; undulated but smooth, glossy; oval; 19 ozs.; rind thick; seed rather large. Season winter at Honolulu. Illus. and desc. Hawaii Agr. Exp. Sta. Bul. 51.

HONOLULU GREEN (W. I.)

Listed 1914 by Semi-Tropic Nursery. Monrovia, Calif., as a Honolulu variety. Fruit green; over 16 ozs; quality very best.

HORN (Mex.)

Originated on Ed. Herman place, Hollywood, Calif., propagated 1910. Fruit small and inferior.

HUIRA (Mex.) S.P.I. 54278.

Introduced 1921 by F. W. Popenoe, USDA, from Ibarra, Ecuador. Fruit obovoid; 8 ozs.; seed rather large; quality excellent. Season Oct-Jan. at Ibarra.

HULUMANU (W. I.)

First came to growers’ attention 1910 at Moanalna, Hawaii, propagated 1913. Fruit green, glossy; Slender obovoid, stem slightly offset; 29 ozs.; rind thick but soft; seed medium, loose; flavor very good Oil test 15.4%. One of leading commercial varieties in Hawaii.

HUNAPUH (Guat.) S.P.I. 44628.

Introduced 1917 by F. W. Popenoe, USDA, from Antigua, Guat. Fruit dull purple; almost smooth; obovoid to ovoid; 24-28 ozs. seed rather smell. Season Feb-Jun. at Antigua.

IDEAL (Guat.)

Introduced 1910 by D. E. Clower of Monrovia, Calif., from 80-year old tree in Rex. Fruit green; rough; obovoid; 24 ozs

ILIALU (Guat. x W. I.)

Originated 1914 as intentional cross on Wilder, by G. P. Wilder in Honolulu. Fruit dark green; rough; pyriform; 13-16 ozs.; seed medium. Illus. and desc. Hawaii Agr. Exp. Sta. Bul. 51. Still being propagated in Hawaii.

IMBABURA (Mex.) S.P.I. 54275.

Introduced 1921 by F. W. Popenoe, USDA, from Ibarra, Ecuador. Fruit maroon-purple on olive green; oblong obovoid; 6-7 ozs.; quality excellent. Season Dec-Mar. at Ibarra.

INCA (Mex., possibly a W.cx. hybrid) S.P.I. 54277.

Introduced 1921 by F. W. Popenoe, USDA, from Ibarra, Ecuador. Fruit pale green; smooth; pyriform to oblong; 10-15 ozs.; seed small. Season Sept.-Dec. at Ibarra.

INDIAN RIVER (Mex. x W. I.)

Originated 1927 by W. E. Sexton, Vero Beach, Fla. Fruit dark green; very finely rugose; oblong-obovoid to pyriform; 12-24 ozs.; skin very thin; seed rather large; fairly tight; flavor rather sweetish. Season Oct. in Fla.

INEZHOLT (W. I.) Syn. Holt’s No. 1.

Originated at Honolulu, introduced 1914 by Joseph Sexton, Goleta. Calif. Fruit green; smooth; 24-32 ozs.; seed medium; quality excellent. Season late summer in Honolulu.

INGERSOLL (Mex.)

Originated in San Fernando Valley, Calif., fruiting in 1916. Fruit deep purple; 5-6 ozs.; quality excellent. Season Aug-Oct.

IRUMINA (Mex.) S.P.I. 54274.

Introduced 1921 by F. W. Popenoe, USDA, from Ibarra, Ecuador. Fruit light green; slender pvriform, necked; 10 ozs.; seed medium; quality excellent. Season Dec-Mar, at Ibarra.

ISABELLA (Guat. x Mex.)

Originated 1923 from a Puerto seed planted by Mrs. Isabella B. (Chas. 0.) Thomson at Villa Park, Calif., fruited 1927. Fruit practically identical with Puerto in color, shape and size but inclined to be more necked and with larger seed. Oil content 20.5%. Season May-Sept. at Villa Park. Fruit keeps well after being cut, should have further trial. Parent tree still alive,

ISHIM (Guat., possibly a hybrid). S.P.I. 45562.

Introduced 1917 by F. W. Popenoe, USDA, from near Antigua, Guat. Fruit deep maroon; smooth; pyriform to obovoid; 10-13 ozs.; skin very thin; seed medium to large; quality good. Season Oct.-Dec. in Guat., Jan-Feb. in Calif.

ISHKAL (Guat.) S.P.I. 43602.

Introduced 1916 by F. W. Popenoe, USDA, from Guatemala City, Guat. Fruit dull purple; rough; spherical to obovoid; 8 ozs.; seed medium. Season May-Jul. in Guat.

ITZAMNA (Guat.) S.P.I. 43486 and 55736.

Introduced 1916 by F. W. Popenoe, USDA. from Santa Maria de Jesus, Guat., elev. 6700 ft., distributed 1923. Fruit light green; coarse; long. pyriform; stem insertion slightly offset; 12-18 ozs.; skin thick; seed very small to medium, conical; quality excellent. Oil content 15%. Season last of Sept. in Guat.. Feb. 15-Apr. 15 in Fla., Sept.-Dec. of second year from bloom in Calif. Illus. Asso. Yearbook 1927, p. 62; also Fla. Agr. Exp. Sta. Bul. 272, p. 27. Account of introduction in Asso. Yearbook 1932, p. 180. Marketability poor from Calif., darkens and molds around seed after storage. Planting heaviest near So. Calif. coast where it bears well. Recommended in So. Fla., and satisfactory in West Coast area.

ITZIA Syn. of Volcan by error for Ixtaccihuatl

I.X.L. (Guat.)

Originated 1916 at W. A. Spinks place, Duarte, Calif. Fruit green; rough; pyriform; 24 ozs.; seed large. Season May-Jul. at Duarte.

IXTACCIHUATL Syn. of Volcan

JALNA (Mex.) Registered 1935

Originated 1928 from seed planted at Encinitas, Calif., by J. Eliot Colt, moved 1929 to Vista, Calif., fruited 1931. Fruit green; smooth; pyriform; 6-7 ozs.; stem central in deep cavity; seed small, sometimes loose; flavor good plus. Oil content 20%. Season Nov-Jan. at Vista. Keeping quality good; heavy hearer, better near coast than most Mexicans.

JERSEY CREAM (W. I.)

A Hawaiian variety imported 1914 by Joseph Sexton, Goleta, Calif.

JESSIE (Guat.)

Originated before 1925 on place of Miss Jessie Thompson, Montebello, Calif. Season Dec.

JOHNSTON (Guat.) Syn. Johnston No. 6.

Introduced 1912 by West India Gardens, Altadena, Calif., from Colima, Mex. Fruit large; thick-skinned: very good quality. Leaves very large. Season Oct-Nov. in Calif.

JOHNSTONE (W. I.) S.P.I. 18729

Originated in Bahama Is., introduced 1906 to Miami, Fla. Fruit smooth; pyriform; seed large. Season Aug.-Sept. in the Bahamas. The best avocado there in 1906. Obsolete in Fla.

JUMBO (W. I.)

Originated 1922 in Honolulu. Fruit dark purple; 36 ozs.; quality good but slightly watery.

KAGUAH (Guat.) S.P.I. 45561.

Introduced 1917 by F. W. Popenoe, USDA, from Antigua, Guat. Fruit deep green; rough; long and slender; about 24 ozs.; seed medium. Season late at Antigua. Being propagated in Hawaii.

KALUA (Guat.)

Originated 1895 from seed taken to Hawaii by Admiral Beardslee. Fruit green; smooth, glossy; pvriform; 12 ozs.; rind thick; seed medium. Season Nov-Mar, in Hawaii. Illus. and desc. Hawaii Agr. Exp. Ste. Bul. 51. Still propagated in Hawaii.

KANAN (Guat.) S.P.I. 45563.

Introduced 1917 by F. W. Popenoe, USDA, from near Antigua, Guat. Fruit bright green; slightly rough; spherical; 16-20 ozs.; seed rather small, oblate. Season Jan. at Antigua.

KANOLA (Guat.) S.P.I. 43560.

Introduced 1916 by F. W. Popenoe, USDA, from near Antigua, Guat. Fruit deep purple; smooth; spherical; 8-16 ore.; seed medium to small; flavor rich. Season Oct-Apr. at Antigua, earliest fruit there; Feb-May in Calif. One of leading commercial varieties in Hawaii.

KASHLAN (Guat.) S.P.I. 43834.

Introduced 1916 by F. W. Popenoe, USDA, from Guat. Fruit green; smooth; spherical or broadly oval; 16 ozs.; rind hard and thick; seed very small- Season Jan-Feb. in Guat., Jun-Aug. in Calif. Being propagated in Hawaii.

KATUN (Guat.) S,P.I. 44781.

Introduced 1917 by F. W. Popenoe, USDA, from Antigua, Guat. Fruit purplish black; nearly smooth, glossy; oval to oblong; 10-14 ozs.; seed small to medium. Season Mar-May at Antigua.

KAY (W. I.)

Originated at Kay grove on Musa Isle, Miami, Fla. Fruit yellowish green; broadly pyriform to spherical; spherical; 14-28 ozs. quality good. Season Jul. in Fla.

KAYAB (Guat.) S.P.I. 44681

Introduced 1917 by F. W. Popenoe, USDA from Guat. Fruit green; slightly rough; spherical; 16 ozs. seed small to medium; quality excellent Season Feb-May in Guat.

KEKCHI (Guat.) S.P.I. 44679.

Introduced 1917 by F. W. Popenoe, USDA, from Guat. Fruit deep maroon; slightly rough; pyriform 6 ors.; seed small; quality excellent. Season Dec-Apr or May in Guat.

KEY LARGO (Guat.) (Probably Syn. of Collins.)

Fruiting 1916 at Duarte, Calif., from Fla. budwood. Fruit dark green; rough; almost spherical; 12 ozs.; seed large. Season May at Duarte.

KILGORE SPECIAL (Guat. x Mex.) x Guat.?

Originated in grove of Barnard Kilgore, Clearwater, Fla. from seed of Fuerte growing in mixed planting with W. I. and Guat. varieties. Seed planted in 1927, first fruit in 1930, propagated extensively by Mr. Kilgore in 1936 and since then. Fruit obovate medium size; 12-18 ozs.; skin green, smooth, leathery flesh pale yellow; seed medium. Flavor fair. Season Dec.-Jan. Heavy bearing, very early blooming, much less subject to anthracnose than the parent Fuerte and about twice as hardy.

KINAU (Guat. x W. I.)

Originated 1914 as intentional cross with Wilder by G. P. Wilder, Honolulu. Fruit green; rough; oval; 14-16 ozs. seed medium. Season Feb. at Honolulu. Illus. and desc. Hawaii Apr. Exp. Ste. Bul. 51.

KIST (Guat.)

Introduced 1914 by B. K. Knight, Yorba Linda, Calif., from Antigua, Guat. Fruit green; rather rough; spherical; 12-20 ozs.; seed medium. Season May-Sept. at Yorba Linda.

KNIGHT (Guat.) (First called Verde.)

Introduced 1914 by E. E. Knight, Yorba Linda, Calif. from Antigua, Guat. Fruit green; slightly rough; spherical to short oval; 12-24 ozs. seed medium. Season Nov-Mar, at Antigua, Dec-Feb. in Fla., June-Aug. in Calif.

KNOWLES (Mex.)

Originated 1898 by W. A. Knowles, Santa Barbara, Calif., propagated 1915. Fruit purple; glossy; pyriform 6 ozs. seed medium. Season Dec-Feb. at Santa Barbara. parent tree still living—Very large.

KOBIE (Guat.)

Originated at W. A. Spinks place, Duarte, Calif., fruiting in 1918.

LADA (Hybrid with Guat.)

A seedling of Kalua at Wailuki, Hawaii. Fruit 40-50 ozs. fair quality. Season Dec-Feb. In Hawaii

LAHAINA PRIZE (W. I.)

Originated at Honolulu. Fruit purple; smooth; oval; 24-32 ozs.; seed medium; quality very good. Season summer.

LAHAINA PURPLE (W. I.)

Originated at Honolulu. Fruit purple; smooth oval; 12-18 ozs.; seed medium; quality very good. Season summer.

LAHI (Guat. x W. I.)

Originated 1914 as intentional cross on Wilder by G. P. Wilder, Honolulu. Fruit green, nearly smooth; oblong-oval; 18 ozs.; seed medium. Season Nov-Dec. at Honolulu.

LAMAT (Gat.) S,P.I. 43476.

Introduced 1916 by F. W. Popenoe, USDA, from Amatitlan, Guat Fruit bright green; smooth; broadly oval; 14-20 ozs.; seed small. Season Nov.-Mar in Guat. May-Aug. in Calif.

LAMBERT (Guat.)

Originated 1909 at C. F. Wagner place, Hollywood, Calif., fruited and propagated 1915. Fruit green; rough; oblong-spherical; 14-20 ozs.; seed medium to large. Season Mar-May at Hollywond. History in An. Rept. 1917, p. 28.

LANDO (W. I.)

Originated in Hawaii. Fruit oblong to pyriform; smooth; 24-32 ozs. quality good.

LANDON

Fruit light green; smooth; pyriform, necked; 20 ozs.; seed medium. Season Sept.-Oct. in So. Fla. Obsolete.

LANGE (Guat.)

Originated 1913 at Chas. Lange place, West Anaheim, Calif. Fruit purple smooth, oval, 18-23 ozs. seed medium. Season Mar. at Anaheim.

LARGO (W. I.) S.P.I. 18730

Originated in Bahama Is., sent to Miami, Fla., in 1906. Fruit green; oval; 3-4 lbs.; seed small-Season Aug.-Sept. in Bahamas- Obsolete in Fla.

LAUREL (Guat.)

Originated about 1911 on C. F. Wagner place, Hollywood, Calif. Fruit dark green; rough; broadly obovoid; 16-20 ozs. seed medium. Season Jun.-Sept. at Hollywood.

LEADER (Guat.)

Originated 1914 from seed of Murrieta on place of M. Garcia, Duarte Calif. Fruit green; smooth; oblong.-pyriform 9-14 ozs.; seed medium to large. Season Jan-Mar. at Duarte. In Jan. 1927 analysis by USDA showed 35.88% oil, one of the highest tests ever reported for any avocado fruit.

LEE (Guat.)

Originated about 1908 at Whittier, Calif. Fruit bright green; glossy; medium size; seed medium. Season Feb.-May in Whittier

LEHUA (Guat. x W. I.)

Originated 1914 as intentional cross on Wilder by G. P. Wilder at Honolulu. Fruit dark mahogany; somewhat rough; oval; 16-20 ozs.; seed medium. Illus. and desc. Hawaii Agr. Exp. Sta. Bul. 51.

LENEGAN

Mentioned in Trinidad Low Temp. Res. Sta. Memoir 1. 1935

LEONA (Guat.)

Originated at Duarte, Calif., fruiting in 1917. Fruit 8-10 ozs.; Season Jan-Feb. at Duarte.

LEONARD (Guat. x Mex.)

Originated 1917 from seed planted by J. M. Leonard at La Playa near Point Loma, Calif. Fruit deep purple; usually very smooth, sometimes ribbed; pyriform, oblique; 12-16 ozs.; skin medium thick, leathery; seed medium; flesh nearly white; flavor good. Medium oil content. Season Nov-Jan. A good bearer.

LEUCADIA (Mex.) Registered 1932

Originated 1927 at Rancho Leucadia, Encinitas, Calif., fruited 1930. Fruit dark purple to black; smooth; pyriform; 10-12 ozs.; seed medium; flavor excellent minus. Oil test 22.7%. Season Oct. 15-Jan. 15 at Vista. Similar to Puebla but larger average size and better flavor. Propagates easily, a vigorous grower, fruits early and bears regularly. Should have wider trial. Parent tree dead.

LEWIS (W. I.)

Originated at Honolulu. Fruit purple; smooth; pyriform, necked; 12 in. long; 21 ozs.; seed medium, quality fair.

LINBETH (Guat. x Mex.) Registered 1932

Originated 1925 from Fuerte seed by Dr. Lincoln Rogers at Fallbrook, Calif.

LINDA (Guat.)

Introduced 1914 by E. E. Knight at Yorba Linda, Calif. from Antigua Guat., elev. 5500 ft. Fruit deep purple; fairly smooth; round to oblong; 16-48 ozs.; skin medium thick; seed small; quality excellent. Oil content 12%. Season May-Oct. in Calif., Dec. 15-Feb. 15 in Fla. Illus. An. Rept. 1925-26, p. 35; also Fla. Agr. Exp. Sta. Bul. 272, p. 28 (with desc. and analysis). Shipping quality good when picked early, too large for market except in small quantities. Being propagated in Hawaii, and very satisfactory in West Coast area of Fla.

LINDGREN (Guat. x W. I.)

Originated on place of Mrs. Augusta Lindgren, Goulds, Fla., from seed planted in 1928. Fruited first in 1932, propagated on small commercial scale in 1939. Fruit round-oval; medium size; 14-20 ozs.; skin dark green, nearly smooth, thick and brittle; flesh yellow; seed small. Season Dec. 15-Feb. 15. Reported to bear regularly but not widely tested thus far.

LINSCOTT (Guat.)

Originated 1910 on E. C. Dutton place, West Anaheim, Calif. Fruit purplish black; nearly spherical; 16 ozs.; seed medium to large. Season Jul.

LOPENA (W. I.)

Originated from a seed planted by College of Agr. of the Phil. at Lips, Batangas in 1918. Fruit dark maroon; avg. wt. 15.8 ozs.; pear shaped with short neck. Skin rough, thick, peeling easily; seed 4˝ ozs. very loose in cavity, outer seed coat adhering to flesh. Season Jul-Sept. Consistent bearer. Over 700 tress budded and planted.

LORD Syn. R. C. Lord

Mentioned in recent British Guiana publication.

LOS ANGELES (Mex.)

Originated on W. A. Spinks place, Duarte, Calif., fruiting 1914. Fruit black; glossy; long pyriform, necked; seed fairly large. Season late.

LOUGHER

Originated at Honolulu. Fruit purple; oval; 21 ozs.; seed large; quality very good.

LUISA (W. I.) S.P.I. 40912.

Introduced 1915 by F. W. Popenoe, USDA, from Jovellanos, Cuba. Fruit light green; broad obovoid; seed medium. Season Oct. in Cuba.

LUKINI (W. I.)

Originated in Hawaii. Fruit purple, smooth; oval; 12 ozs.; seed large. Season summer.

LULA (Guat. x Mex.)

Originated from seed from parent Taft tree planted 1915 by Mrs. Lula (Geo. B.) Cellon at Miami. Fla., fruited 1919, propagated 1921. Fruit green; nearly smooth; pyriform; 16-24 ozs.; seed large; flavor very good. Oil content 12-16%. Season Dec-Jan. in Fla. Illus. and desc. with analysis Fla. Agr. Exp. Sta. Bul. 272. A rapid thrifty grower in Fla., precocious and very productive; more frost resistant than most varieties there, very satisfactory in Ridge and lower East Coast sections, and recommended for So. Fla.

LYCETT

Recommended for planting in Hawaii in 1915.

LYMAN

Recommended for planting in Hawaii in 1915.

LYON (of California) (Guat.)

Originated 1908 from seed planted at place of Mr. Lyon, 7276 Sunset Blvd., Hollywood, Calif., propagated 1911. Fruit dark green; rough; pyriform, stem offset; 14.20 ozs.; skin medium thick; seed medium; quality very good. Oil content 21%. Season Feb-Jul. Illus. An. Rept. 1916, pp. 143-144; Analysis Calif. Agr. Exp. Sta. Bul. 365, revised, p. 73, also USDA Bul. 1073. Shipping quality good, one of best market fruits when properly mature. Tree very upright, stunts itself by over-production; difficult to grow unless topworked on strong trees.

LYON (of Philippines) (Guat.)

Originated 1903 at Lamao, Phil. from seed imported by W. L. Lyon. Fruit green; smooth; oblong; large; seed small. Season Jul-Aug. at Lamao.

MAAG (Guat.)

Originated 1918 on Ernst Maag place, Monrovia Calif., as budded tree from D. E. Clower. Fruit dark green to maroon; smooth; pyriform; 15 ozs.; seed small. Season Jun-Jul.

MaCARTHUR (Guat.)

Originated 1922 by Thos. H. Shedden of Monrovia, Calif. Fruit green; pyriform; 14 ozs.; skin medium thin and soft; seed medium to large; flavor good. Oil content 14%. Season Aug-Nov. Of second year from bloom. A vigorous grower and good bearer, endures more cold than any other Guat.; well suited to Santa Barbara and Ventura Coasts.

MACEO Syn. Mayor Gral Antonio Maceo

A Cuban variety listed in 1917. Fruit medium size; oval; flavor excellent Season Oct-Dec.

MacPHERSON (Hybrid) Registered 1935

Originated 1931 at Encinitas, Calif. by James H. MacPherson. Fruit green; smooth; pyriform; 10 1/2 ozs.; skin thin, leathery; seed small, 9%; flavor excellent minus. Oil test 19.8%; Season Nov-Feb.

MAGOON

Introduced 1914 by Joseph Sexton, Goleta, Calif., from Hawaii.

MAGUERIPE

Mentioned in Trinidad Low Temp. Res. Sta. Memoir 1, 1935.

MAJOR (Guat. x W. I.)

Originated on grove of Herbert Katz. near Homestead, Fla., about 1935 as seedling of unknown origin. Fruit elliptical; 30-40 ozs.; skin rough pebbled. bright green; flesh yellow; seed small, fairly tight. Oil content 10%. Season Oct-Nov. Bearing habit uncertain. Quality very good. Certified 1943.

MAKAI (Hybrid)

Original tree at Kona, Hawaii. Fruit dark purple; 24-28 ozs.; flavor rich. Season late fall.

MANIK (Guat.) S.P.I. 45560.

Introduced 1917 by F. W. Popenoe, USDA, from Antigua. Guat. Fruit green; slightly rough; oval to pyriform; 8-12 ozs.; seed small. Season Feb-Jun. at Antigua, May in Calif.

MANZ (Guat.)

Originated about 1912 at A. F. Manz place, Whittier, Calif. Fruit green; smooth; pyriform 10~12 ozs.; seed medium. Season Sept.-Oct. at Whittier.

MARFIELD (W. I.)

Originated on grove of H. A. Marsh and A. Fields, near Homestead, Fla., about 1930 as seedling of unknown origin, fruiting first observed 1939. Fruit pvriform with small neck; 12-20 ozs.; skin smooth, leathery, bright green; flesh yellow; seed medium size, tight. Season Jul. or even late Jun. Apparently a heavy bearing variety for early summer production, but not yet well tested. Certified 1942.

MARGUERITE (Guat. x W. I.)

Originated on grove of Herbert Katz, near Homestead, Fla., about 1930 as seedling of unknown origin. Fruit oval; 2 0-30 ozs.; skin nearly smooth, thin, bright green; flesh yellow; seed medium size, tight. Oil content 8%. Season Oct. Of good quality and fairly heavy bearing, but somewhat handicapped by thin skin. Certified 1942.

MARION (Guat.)

Originated about 1921 from Lyon seed planted by Mrs. Marion (G. Y.) Baker at Carlsbad, Calif., fruited when 3 years old. Fruit green; smooth; pyriform 10-12 ozs.; skin medium thick, not hard; seed medium to small; quality very good. Oil content 16.9%. Season early summer. A Vigorous grower prolific and a consistent bearer.

MARQUES (W. I.)

Originated in Hawaii. Fruit purple oval: 16-24 ozs.; seed medium, loose. Season summer in Hawaii.

MARTIN-SPERRY

Mentioned in recent British Guiana publication.

MARY GARDEN (Guat.)

Originated about 1925 from seed of Lyon by Sam Thompson at Carlsbad, Calif. Fruit dark purple rough; pyriform; 18 ozs.; skin thick; seed large; flavor good. Season Jun.- Jul. Thick shell separates easily from flesh when fruit is halved. An upright grower prolific.

MARY MARTIN (Guat.) Patent 576

Originated near San Diego, Calif. Fruit dark green; near round. Season May-Oct. Tree vigorous grower; tall and slender.

MATAMOROS (W. I.) P.I.G. (14292)

Introduced 1913 by Peter Bisset, USDA, from Matamoros, Mex. Not distributed,

MATNEY (Guat.)

Originated 1916 by E. R. Matney, Azusa, Calif. Fruit green; long pyriform; 10-15 ozs.; seed small; flavor excellent. Season Dec. 1-Feb. 15 at .Azusa. Often produces large numbers of unpollinated fruits.

MATTERN (Mex.)

Originated at Los Angeles, fruiting and propagated 1912. Fruit purplish bronze; pyriform; 3 - 4 ozs.; flavor rich.

MAXIMILIAN (Mex.)

Introduced 1914 by E. G. Hart of Los Angeles from Mex. Fruit black; 8 ozs.; seed large.

MAYAPAN (Guat.) S.P.I. 44680.

Introduced 1917 by F. W. Popenoe, USDA, from Purula, Guat., elev. 5150 ft. Fruit purple at full maturity; slightly rough to corrugated; spherical to slightly oblong; 14-20 ozs.; skin very thick; seed small to medium, round; flavor rich. Oil content 18.5%. Season Mar-Jul. in Guat., May-Aug. in Calif. Illus. An. Rept. 1917, p. 131; 1927, p. 74. Parent illus. and desc. USDA Bul. 743, p1. 20, and page 59. Tree a good grower and bearer, excellent for home use; of no value commercially in Calif. on account of thick shell permitting over-ripening on retail stands. One of leading commercial varieties in Hawaii.

McCANN (W. I.)

Originated at Fort Myers, Fla. A late fall fruit.

McCARTNEY (Guat.)

Originated as seedling of Taft by H. L. Osborne at 504 E. Valerio St., Santa Barbara, Calif. Fruit dark red; pyriform; 13 ozs.; akin thin; flavor good. Season Dec. 15-Feb. 1 at Santa Barbara.

McCLURE (W. I.)

Originated at Homestead Fla., very prolific.

McCONAGLE (W. I.)

Originated at Honolulu. Fruit reddish-purple; ribbed; pyriform; 14-16 ozs.; seed medium; quality fair.

McDONALD (Guat.) S.P.I. 36603.

Originated from seed planted 1895, brought to Honolulu by Admiral Beardslee. Fruit dark purple; very rough, warty; spherical; 12-16 ozs.; rind thick and firm; seed medium; flavor rich. Season Nov-Apr. in Hawaii, Mar. 15-May 1 in Fla. History, illus. and desc. Hawaii Agr. Exp. Sta. Bul. 51, P1. 9, fig. 2 is McDonald but legend is reversed with pl. 3, fig. 1. This and a few seedlings of it are among the leading commercial varieties in Hawaii.

McINERNY (Guat.)

Originated as seedling of McDonald in Honolulu.

MERCED (W. I.) S.P.I. 40981.

Introduced 1915 by F. W. Popenoe, USDA, from Placetas, Cuba. Fruit green; broad pyriform; 16 ozs.; quality excellent. Season to Feb. at Placetas.

MERITO (Guat.)

Introduced 1911 by Carl Schmidt I or West India Gardens, Altadena, Calif., from Atlixco, Mex. Fruit purple; somewhat rough; long pyriform; 16 ozs.; seed medium. Season Dec-Jan. at Atlixco. May-Jun. in Calif.

MESERVE (Guat.) S.P.I. 39371.

Originated 1901 at Cherry and Hill Sts. Long Beach, Calif. from seed from Honolulu planted by Mrs. A. R. Meserve, later owned by Ralf Goddard. Fruit dark green; somewhat rough; broadly oval to spherical; 14-20 ozs.; skin thick, leathery; seed medium, oblate. Season J50. 15-Mar. 15 in Fla., Apr-Oct. in Calif. Beautiful bronze foliage. Almost obsolete.

METCALF (Guat.)

Exhibited May 1921 by V. Metcalf of Azusa, Calif. Fruit deep green; nearly smooth; oval; 8-18 ozs.; seed large. Season Mar-Jun. Marketability poor.

MEXICOLA (Mex.)

Originated about 1910 as seedling at Coolidge Rare Plant Gardens, Pasadena, Calif., propagated about 1912. Fruit black; smooth; spherical to pyriform; 3-5 ozs.; skin thin; seed large; quality excellent. Season Aug-Oct. Tree very resistant to heat and cold, a consistent bearer, seed in demand for rootstocks. Original tree dead.

MEYERS (Guat.)

Originated at W. A. Spinks place. Duarte, Calif., fruiting in 1918.

MIDDLETON (Mex.) Registered Nov., 1938

Originated about 1932 at Pomona by E. E. Middleton, 346 W. Center St., Pomona. Fruit green to purple; oval to pear shape; 6 1/2 ozs.; seed 1 oz.; medium tight. Oil content 14.51%, Nov. 1938. Flavor good plus. Season Oct-Jan. Transverse cracks in skin when mature.

MILES (Guat.)

Introduced 1911 by Carl Schmidt for West India Gardens, Altadena, Calif., from Atlixco, Mex. Fruit deep purplish-black; slender pyriform; 16 ozs. Season Dec. at Atlixco, Mar.-Apr. at Alhambra, Calif.

MILLER (Guat.)

Originated as seedling tree from Guat., planted 1886 on Jacob Miller place, Nichols Canyon, Hollywood, Calif., moved about 1896. Fruit green; rough; oval; 8-12 ozs.; seed medium to large; rind thick, woody. Oil content 18%. Season Mar.-Sept. or later in Calif. History in An. Rept. 1920-21, p. 94. Marketability poor on account of hard shell.

MILLIE C (Guat.)

Originated by Mr. Coombs at Nestor. San Diego Co., Calif. Fruit purple when ripe; obovoid; 10-18 ozs.; skin thick but not hard; seed small; flavor good. Oil content 20%. Season Aug.-Sept. of second year at Vista. Promising in south coastal area but thick rind is undesirable; a heavy bearer.

MISSION (Mex.)

Originated 1913 on W. A. Spinka place, Duarte, Calif. Fruit black; pyriform; 11 ozs.; seed medium.

MISSION BELL (Guat. x Mex.)

Originated 1913 on Chas. Lange place, West Anaheim, Calif. Fruit green; smooth; long pyriform, necked; 12-14 ozs.; seed very large. Season Jan-Feb.

MITCHELL (W. I.) S.P.I. 18120

Originated in Puerto Rico, sent to Florida in 1906. Fruit large; seed medium; flavor excellent. Obsolete in Fla.

MOANALUA, S.P.I. 44104.

Originated 1891 at Moanalua, Hawaii. Fruit dark green; slightly rough; pyrform; seed medium. Season Jul. - Sept. in Hawaii.

MODESTO (Guat.)

Introduced 1912 by West India Gardens, Altadena, Calif., from Atlixco, Mex. Fruit black; large; seed small. Season Dec. at Atlixco, May-Jun. in Calif.

MONGE

Listed as native variety in Rept. Agr. Exp. Sta., Univ. Puerto Rico., 1934-35.

MONROE (of Calif.) (Guat.)

Originated 1904 on the B. H. Sharpless place near Tustin, Calif., named for Mrs. Sharpless. Fruit green; nearly smooth; broad pyriform 14-20 ozs.; seed medium. Season May-Jul. Nearly obsolete.

MONROE (of Fla.) (W. I. X Mex.) Plant Patent 261, Aug. 24, 1937

Originated about 1932, probably as seedling of Walden x Eagle Rock, at Redland Avocado Grove, Homestead, Fla. Fruit dark green; glossy, finely pebbled; rounded obovoid, obliquely flattened toward apex on one aide; 26-36 ozs.; akin thick; seed medium, flavor excellent. Oil content 10-14%. Season Dec-Feb. in Fla. A heavy bearer.

MONROVIA (Mex.) Syn. Valadenia.

Originated about 1896 on Bradbury Estate, Duarte, Calif. Fruit purple; glossy; pyriform; 4-8 ozs.; mature in fall.

MONTEBELLO

Exhibited May 1921 by F. D. Closser.

MONTEZUMA (Guat.)

Introduced 1911 by Carl Schmidt for West India Gardens, Altadena, Calif., from a very large old tree at Atlixco, Mex. Fruit deep green; broad pyriform 14-2 3 ozs.; seed medium. Season Dec. at Atlixco, Apr.-Sept. in Calif.

MOORE (W. I.)

Originated at Honolulu. Fruit purple; smooth; oval to pyniform; 20-22 ozs.; seed large. Season summer to fall.

MORENO (Guat.) S.P.I. 43604.

Introduced 1916 by USDA, from Tegucigalpa, Hond. Fruit mottled green and brown, nearly spherical.

MORNE

Mentioned in Rept. St. Lucia Dept. Agr. 1935, p. 21.

MIJNIS

Mentioned in recent British Guiana publication.

MURRIETA (Guat.) Syn. Murrieta Green. S.P.I. 38888.

Originated about 1910 as seed from Mexico planted by Juan Murrieta at 765 College St., Los Angeles, propagated 1912. Tree moved 1914 to Doheny Estate, Beverly Hills. died soon afterwards. Fruit green; slightly rough; spherical; 14-20 oza.; seed large; flavor rich. Oil content 18%. Season Jul.-Sept. of second year. Illus. Univ. Calif. Jour. Agr. 1 (4): 33, Nov. 1913. Marketability excellent. A weak grower.

MURRIETA TWO POUND (Guat.)

Originated on the Murnieta place, 765 College St., Los Angeles. Fruit green with small russet dots; slightly rough; oblique, obovoid 20-34 ozs.; seed large. Season Jun-Aug. Blooms freely but sets very few fruits.

MYATT (W. I.)

Originated in Hawaii. Fruit green with dark specks; smooth; oval; 24-32 ozs.; seed large; rind medium to thick; quality very good.

NABAL (Guat.) S.P.I. 44439.

Introduced 1917 by F. W. Popenoe, USDA, from Antigua, Guat., elev. 5,100 ft. Fruit green; smooth; almost spherical, slightly obovoid 12-17 ozs.; seed rather small, round; flavor and quality exceptionally good. Oil content 16% - Season Feb-May in Guat., Jun.-Sept. of second year in Calif. Illus. An. Rept. 1917, p. 124; 1927, p. 86; also Calif. Agr. Ext. Serv. Circ. 43, revised, p. 76. Parent illus. and desc. USDA Bul. 743. p1. 15 and p. 52. Tree a good grower and heavy bearer in alternate years. Marketability good but size somewhat too large. Also being propagated in Hawaii.

NEGROS (Guat.) S.P.I. 43603.

Introduced 1916 by USDA from Tegucigalpa, Hond. Fruit black, spherical.

NEHRLING (Guat.)

Originated 1920 on Werner Nehrling place near Orlando, Fla., as Collins seedling, propagated 1930. Fruit dull light green; smooth or slightly roughened; 16-36 oza.; akin rather thick; seed medium small, often loose; flavor rich. Oil content 12-15%. Season Nov. 15-Jan. 1. A shy bearer in Homestead area.

NELSON (Guat., possibly a hybrid.)

Originated 1920 in grove of C. Nelson, Princeton, Fla., as seedling of Culls. Fruit light green; rather glossy, very slightly roughened; obovoid 12-20 ozs.; akin thick; seed small, sometimes loose. Oil content 16-18%. Season Dec-Jan. in Fla. Not propagated commercially.

NEWBERRY (Guat.)

Originated 1923 on the J. K. Newberry place, Carlsbad, Calif. Fruit green; smooth; long pyriform; 16 ozs.; seed small to medium.

NIMAH (Guat.) S.P.I. 45078.

Introduced 1917 by F. W. Popenoe, USDA, from Guatemala. Fruit deep green; rough; pyriform with curved neck; 11-12 ozs.; seed medium.

NIMLIOH (Guat.) S.P.I. 44440.

Introduced 1917 by F. W. Popenoe, USDA, from Antigua, Gust. Fruit deep green; rather rough; broadly oval; 36-45 ozs. seed medium. Season Feb-Mar. at Antigua. Nov-Feb. in Fla., May-Aug. in Calif. Being propagated in Hawaii.

NIRODY (Guat. x W. I.)

Originated 1922 from hand pollination by B. S. Nirodv of McDonald x Pollock in grove of Coral Reef Nurseries, Rockdale, Fla. Fruit dull light green slightly roughened or undulate; roundish oblate; 12-24 ozs.; skin rather thick; seed large. Oil content 6-10%. Season Sept. 15-Nov. 15 in Fla. Not propagated commercially.

NORTHROP (Mex.) Syn. Eells.

Originated about 1900 on the old J. H. Northrop place near Tustin, Calif., as seedling from C. P. Taft, propagated 1911. Fruit purple; oblong-pyriform; 5-7 ozs.; seed medium. Season Jul. 15-Sept 15 in Fla., Oct-Nov. with small crop Apr-May on Calif. coast.

NUTMEG (Guat.) S.P.I. 36604.

Originated 1907 at Honolulu as a seedling of McDonald. Fruit dull green; very rough; nearly spherical; 16-24 ozs; rind tough and hard; seed large; flavor excellent. Oil content 26.7%. Season late in Hawaii. Illus. and desc. Hawaii Agr. Exp. Sta. Bul. 51. Still being propagated in Hawaii.

OAKLEY No. 1 (Guat.)

Originated about 1912 at H. C. Oakley place, Brentwood Park near Los Angeles. Fruit black; fairly smooth; oblong; 12-20 ozs.; seed large. Season Jul-Nov. Desirable season, good appearance.

OBISPO (Guat.)

Introduced 1911 by Carl Schmidt for West India Gardens, Altadena, Calif., from Atlixco. Mex. Fruit deep purple; broadly pYriform; 14-16 ozs.; seed medium. Season Dec. at Atlixco, Jan--Feb. in Calif.

ORO (Guat.)

Introduced by Carl Schmidt for West India Gardens, Altadena, Calif., from Atlixco, Mex. Fruit green; slightly rough glossy; oblong.pyriform; 15-18 ozs.; seed very small. Season Dec. At Atlixco, May-Jun. in Calif.

OSBORN (Guat.)

Originated 1917 on place of Mrs. N. B. Osborn, 2079 Logan Ave., San Diego, Calif. Fruit dull green; slightly rough; oval; 14-20 ozs.; skin rather hard; seed medium; quality good. Oil content 15%. Season Aug. 15-Nov. 15 in San Diego county. A promising fruit, never adequately tested.

PALTA No. 1 S.P.I. 31478.

Introduced 1911 as seed by USDA from Costa Rica. Fruit green; short pyriform to obovoid; 13 ozs.; seed medium.

PALTITA

A hardy Chilian variety with small fruits of good quality. Seeds introduced by Dr. Franceschi about 1895, most of resulting trees going abroad. A large tree on old Nordhoff place, 1124 Pacific St., Redlands, is probably only remaining one (1937) in Calif.

PANCHOY (Guat.) S.F.!. 44625.

Introduced 1917 by F. W. Popenoe, USDA, from Antigua, Guat., elev. 5,100 ft. Fruit green; rough; pyriform, necked; 18-24 ozs.; skin very thick; seed rather small, nearly round; flavor poor. Oil content 18%. Season Jan-Apr. at Antigua, Apr.-Aug. in Calif. Illus. An. Rept. 1917, p. 127; 1927 p. 78. Parent illus. and desc. USDA Bul. 743, p1. 17, and p. 54. Marketability very poor in Calif. on account of hard rind. One of leading commercial varieties in Hawaii,

PANKAY (Guat.) S.P.I. 44785.

Introduced 1917 by F. W. Popenoe, USDA, from Guatemala. Fruit green; smooth; pyriform; 12 ozs.; seed medium. Season Sept.-Jan. in Guat., May-Aug. in Calif.

PATENT 100 (Guat.) (GANO) Plant Patent No. 100, Aug. 7,1934

Originated 1918 from seed of Colorado planted by Mrs. Jennie C. Gano at 801 N. Citrus Ave., Whittier, Calif., propagated 1928. Fruit dull green; smooth; pyriform; 10-20 ozs.; skin leathery; seed medium to large, conical, sometimes loose: quality medium. Oil content 17.7%. Season Jul.-Aug. of second year at Whittier. A vigorous upright grower, precocious and prolific, a consistent bearer.

PEACH (W. I.)

Originated at Honolulu. Fruit bright red with deeper blush; smooth; spherical; 10-16 ozs.; seed small to medium.

PEACOCK (W. I.) S.F.I. 26720

Originated before 1908 with Mr. Peacock at Coconut Grove, Fla. Fruit maroon red, greenish toward apex; smooth; pyriform large; seed small, loose. Season Nov. Not commercial.

PEERLESS (Guat.)

Originated 1922 on H. J. Ingersoll place, Los Angeles. Fruit green; rough; glossy; pyriform; 14-18 ozs.; seed medium. Season Mar. 15-Jun. 1.

PENGUIN (Mex.)

Originated before 1922 on A. R. Rideout place, Whittier, Calif. Fruit green; 10 ozs.

PERFECTION

Reported 1929 on W. R. Haley place, Hawaii, as almost a perfect variety. Fruit green; pyriform; large.

PERFECTO (Guat.)

Introduced 1911 by Carl Schmidt for West India Gardens, Altadena, Calif. from Atlixco, Mex. Fruit dark green; slightly rough; broadly pyriform, necked; 20 ozs.; seed medium. Season Jan. at Atlixco, Oct. 15-Dec. 1 in Fla., Jan-Apr. in Calif.

PETERSON (W. I.)

Originated before 1912 on the Murray place near Homestead, Fla., fruited by Peter Peterson at Modello 1920. Fruit light green; smooth, glossy; broadly obovoid; 14-20 ozs.; seed medium, often loose; flavor very good. Oil content 4 - 7%. Season Sept. 15-Nov. 15 in So. Fla. Illus. and desc. Fla. Agr. Exp. Sta. Bul. 272.

PICO (Mex.)

Originated on the Jacob Miller place, Hollywood, Calif., propagated 1910. Fruit purple; obovoid; 3-5 ozs.; seed rather large. Season Sept.-Nov. Original tree moved about 1915 to Doheny place.

PINELLI (W. I.)

Originated at Homestead, Fla. Fruit light green; smooth; 24-40 ozs; Season Aug. - Oct. in Fla.

PLATA (Mex.)

Introduced 1911 by Carl Schmidt for West India Gardens, Altadena, Calif., from San Lois Potosi, Mex. Fruit green; small; produced in clusters. Season Aug. with second crop in Feb.

POLLOCK (W. I.) S.P.I. 12936

Originated prior to 1896 on place of H. S. Pollock, Miami, Fla, propagated 1901. Fruit light green; smooth, glossy; oblong to pyriform; 20-40 ozs. or more; seed large, often loose; quality excellent. Oil content 3-5%. Season Jul. 15-Sept. 1 in Fla. Illus. (in color) and desc. in Yearbook USDA 1912, p1. 17, and p. 272; also Fla. Agr. Exp. Sta. Bul. 272, pp. 22-23, with analysis. The leading early variety in Fla. for 25 years but not now recommended for commercial planting. Grown in Phil.

POMONA (Mex.)

Originated at 533 P1. 9th St., Pomona, Calif., fruiting prior to 1916.

POPOCATEPETL (Guat.)

Introduced 1912 by West India Gardens, Altadena, Calif., from Atlixco, Alex. Fruit deep purple; oval to broad pyriform; 20 ozs.; skin thick.

PRATT (Guat. x W. I.)

Originated 1928 as seedling of Case in Hawaii. Fruit purple; pyriform; 24 ozs.; flavor very good.

PREMIER (Guat.)

Originated as a Challenge seedling on place of A. R. Rideout, Whittier, Calif. Fruit green; slightly rough; spherical to oval, oblique, stem insertion very much offset; 12-20 ozs.; skin medium thickness; seed very large, nearly round; quality variable. Oil content 10%. Season May-Aug. A vigorous erect grower.

PRESIDENTE (Guat.)

Originated about 1901, seed planted by Juan Murrieta at 765 College St., Los Angeles. Fruit olive green; undulating; oblong pyriform; 14-18 ozs.; seed medium. Season Jun. at Los Angeles.

PRESTON (W. I.)

Originated 1900 at Honolulu. Fruit claret splashed with russet; somewhat rough; oblate spherical; 1˝-2 lbs.; seed small, loose. Season Aug-Oct. at Honolulu.

PRINCE (Guat.)

Originated on E. W. Dickey place, head of La Brea Ave., Hollywood, Calif. Fruit green; coarse; pyriform; 14-20 ozs.; skin thick; seed medium. Oil content 15%. Season Aug-Oct. of second year.

PRINCESS (Guat.)

Originated on place of A. R. Rideout, Whittier, Calif. as seedling of Prince x Dickey. Fruit green; slightly pebbled; pyriform; 12-18 ozs.; skin medium thick; seed medium; flavor good. Oil content 15%. Season Apr-Jul. Tree weak, not good producer.

PRONTO (Mex.)

Originated at Villa Park, Calif. Fruit 5-7 ozs.

PUEBLA (Mex.)

Introduced 1911 as No. 13 by Carl Schmidt for West India Gardens, Altadena, Calif. from Atlixco, Mex., elev. 6150 ft. Fruit deep maroon purple; smooth, glossy; obovoid; 6-16 ozs.; seed medium to large somewhat conical; flavor good. Oil content 19.5%. Season Sept.-Dec. at Atlixco, Sept.-Oct. in Fla. Nov.-Feb. in Calif. Illus. An. Kept. 1916, p. 131, also Calif. Agr. Ext. Serv. Circ. 43, revised, p. 77. Analyses in USDA Bul. 1073 and Jour. Agr. Res. Vol. 54, No. 9, May 1, 1937. Shipping quality fair. Account of original tree in An. Rept. 1919-20, p. 43. Propagation declining. Now grown in Phil.

PURDY (Mex.)

Originated before 1916 at Whittier, Calif.

PURPLE BEAUTY (Mex.)

Listed in a Calif. nursery catalog 1914. Fruit purple; pyriform; seed small. Season Nov-Dec.

PURPLE PROLIFIC (Guat.)

Originated on the C. P. Taft place, Orange, Calif. Fruit purple; rough; oblique, pyriform, necked. 8 ozs.; seed large.

QUAKER (Guat.)

Originated 1911 on the C. H. Hamburg place, Whittier, Calif. Fruit green; rough; obovoid; 16-24 ozs.; seed medium to small. Season Aug-Oct. at Whittier.

QUALITY

Fruit green; smooth; pyriform; large; seed medium. Season Sept. in So. Fla. Obsolete.

QUEEN (Guat.)

Introduced 1914 by E. E. Knight of Yorba Linda, Calif., from near Antigua Guat. Parent tree had 80 ft. spread. Fruit dull purple; rough; pyrifurm; 20-30 ozs.; skin medium thick; seed small, round; quality fine. Oil content 13.5%. Season Jul-Aug. of second year in south, Aug-Oct. at Santa Barbara. Illus. Asso. Yearbook 1927, p. 76; also Calif. Agr. Ext. Serv. Circ. 43, revised, p. 79. Shipping quality good but fruit too large except for special markets.

QUERETARO (Mex.)

Introduced 1911 by Carl Schmidt for West India Gardens, Altadena, Calif., from Canyada, Mex. Fruit purplish-black; rough; oblong; 6-10 ozs.; seed medium. Season Aug-Oct. at Canyada, Oct.- Dec. in Calif. A poor market fruit.

RADER (W. I.)

Originated before 1914 with Dr. Rader at Miami, Fla. Fruit green; pyriform; 3˝-S lbs.; seed medium; flavor excellent. Season Aug.-Sept. in Fla.

RAINEY (Mex.)

Originated as seedling of White on place of Mr. Rainey at Santa Barbara, Calif., propagated 1912. Fruit slender pyriform, necked; 4-6 ozs.; seed medium.

REASONER (W. I.)

A Fla. variety. Obsolete.

REDO (W. I.)

Introduced 1918 by A. Redo of Los Angeles, from Sinaloa, Mex., to Tustin, Calif. Fruit green shading to purple at maturity; smooth; pyriform; 12-2 4 ozs.; seed medium. Season Nov-Jan. at Tustin.

REDONDO (Guat.)

Introduced 1911 by Carl Schmidt for West India Gardens, Altadena, Calif., from Atlixco, Mex. Fruit dark green; somewhat rough; spherical; 12 ozs.; seed small. Season Dec. at Atlixco.

REY (Guat.)

Introduced 1914 by E. E. Knight, Yorba Linda, Calif., from Guat. Fruit green; slightly rough; spherical; 16 ozs.; seed medium. Season Nov-Mar, in Guat., Apr-Nov. in Calif.

RHOAD (Guat.)

Originated 1900 on C. P. Taft place, Orange. Calif. Fruit green; somewhat rough; pyriform; 12 ozs.; seed large. Season Apr-Jun. at Orange.

RICHARDSON

A Fla. variety. Obsolete.

RICO (W. I.) S.F.I. 13731

Presented 1905 to U. S. P1. Intro. Gard. Miami, Fla., by Geo. B. Cellon. Fruit pale green; rough; oblong; 32 ozs.; Season Aug-Nov. in S. Fla.

RITA (Guat.)

Originated 1902 on C. P. Taft place, Orange, Calif. Fruit green; rough; pyriform; 8-14 ozs.; seed medium. Season May-Jul. at Orange.

RIVER (W. I.)

Originated on the River Estate, Trinidad. Fruit pyriform; 28 ozs.; seed 14.6%, slightly loose. Has largest fruit and relatively smallest seed of 20 forms studied. Illus. and desc. Bul. Dept. Of Agr. Trinidad and Tabagu 18, pl. 3, pp. 118-120, 1919.

ROBERTS (Mex.)

Originated near Azusa, Calif. Fruit black; large.

ROBINSON (W. I.)

Originated at Honolulu. Fruit brown to purple with light spots; smooth; ridged; pyriform; 16 ozs.; seed medium to large. Season summer.

ROCKWOOD (Hybrid)

Originated in orchard of Manuel Garcia, Duarte, Calif. Fruit purple; 10-12 ozs.; elongated irregular; akin moderately thin; smooth; seed medium. Oil content high. Season Feb-Jul. Precocious and consistent producer.

RODOLPH (Mex.)

Originated about 1906 as a seedling of Chappelow on R. B. Fish place, Monrovia, Calif. Fruit purple; slender pyriform, long neck; 5-8 ozs.; Season Aug-Nov.

ROOP (W. I.) S.P.I. 32426

Originated before 1912 at Muss Isle Grove, Miami, Fla. Fruit light green; obliquely pyriform; seed large. Season Dec-Jan. in Fla. Obsolete.

ROTUND (Guat. x Mex.)

Originated by A. R. Rideout at Whittier, Calif., as seedling of Lyon x Ganter. Fruit green; very smooth; spherical; 6-8 ozs.; seed rather large; flavor good. Season Oct-Nov. at Vista. Very heavy bearer.

ROY (Guat.)

Originated 1926 in Hawaii. Fruit deep purple; 30 ozs.; Oil content 27%. Season late fall in Hawaii, still being propagated there.

ROYAL (Guat.)

Originated 1898 at J. H. Walker place, 1547 Las Palmas Ave., Hollywood, Calif. Fruit dark purple; rough; obovoid; 14-20 ozs.; seed medium. Season Feb-Jun.

ROYAL PURPLE

Formerly grown in San Diego, Calif.

RUDDER

Mentioned 1934 Rept. Agr. Dept. Antigus, Brit. P1. I. as buds from Trinidad.

RUF (Guat.)

Originated at Baldwin Park, Calif. Fruit purplish-black; smooth; pyriform; 14 ozs.; seed medium. Season summer.

RUSSELL (W. I.)

Originated at Islamorado, Fla. from seed of fruit brought from Cuba by John Russell and planted near his home about 1880. Top-worked by Harvey Fitzpatrick Homestead, in 1935, shortly before parent tree was destroyed by hurricane. Fruit clavate, large, often 12 in. long; 24-36 ozs.; skin green, smooth, leathery; flesh yellow; seed medium. Season Aug.-Sept. The seed cavity is low in the broad end of fruit, so that there is often a solid neck of flesh from 5-6 in. long.

RYAN (Gnat. x Mex.) Synonym Summer Fuerte

Found about 1927, probably seedling of Amigo, on A. R. Rideout Ranch, at Whittier, Calif., by Edward L. Ryan. Fruit green; slightly rough; pyriform; 10-14 ozs.; skin leathery; seed rather large; quality fair to good. Oil content 25%. Season May-Sept. at Whittier. Tree easy to propagate, a vigorous grower and bearer of moderate crops.

ST. ANN’S

Originated as probable W. I. seedling in garden of Government Botanist, Trinidad. Fruit green; pyriform; 23 ozs.; seed 18%. Illus. and desc. Bul. Dept. of Agr. Trinidad and Tabago 18, p1. 3,

ST. CLAIR

Mentioned in Bul. Dept. Agr. Trinidad and Tabago 18:20, 1918.

ST. JOSEPH

Mentioned in Trinidad Low Temp. Res. Sta. Memoir 1, 1935.

ST. JUST

Listed as native variety in Rept. Agr. Exp. Sta., Univ. Puerto Rico, 1934-35.

ST. PETERSBURG (W. I.) S.P.I. 26699

Originated before 1907 at St. Petersburg, Fla. Fruit yellowish; smooth; pyriform to spherical; skin thin; seed loose. Season Sept.-Oct. Obsolete.

SAMOAN (W. I.)

Taken to Honolulu from Samoa by Mr. Ehrhorn. Fruit green; smooth to undulating; pyriform; 17 ozs.; seed medium; quality very good. Season summer. Still being propagated in Hawaii.

SAN RAFAEL (Mex.)

Originated on place of Dr. Carruthers, 375 San Rafael Hts., Pasadena, Calif. Fruit green; large. Season early.

SAN SEBASTIAN (Mex.)

Introduced 1911 by Carl Schmidt for West India Gardens, Altadena, Calif., from San Sebastian. Mex. Fruit black; oval; 12-16 ozs.; seed medium. Season Mar. at Queretaro, Jul-Aug. in Fla., Oct.-Dec. in Calif.

SANTA ANNA (W. I.)

Originated near Santiago de las Vegas, Cuba, propagated 1916. Fruit dark green; pyriform; 30-38 ozs.; seed relatively small. Season Oct-Dec. in Cuba.

SCHMIDT (Guat.)

Introduced 1922 by Carl Schmidt for West India Gardens, Altadena, Calif., from Atlixco, Mex. Fruit deep green; rough; pyriform; 16-24 ozs.; seed medium. Season Dec. at Atlixco, Feb. 15-Apr. 1 in Fla., Jul-Oct. in Calif.

SEEDLESS S.F.I. 14889

SEEDLESS BUTTER S.F.I. 14890

Both received 1905 by USDA from Mexico City.

SENOR (Guat.)

Originated 1901 on C. P. Taft place, Orange, Calif. Fruit green; slightly rough, glossy; obovoid; 14-20 ozs.; seed large. Season May-Jul. at Orange.

SEXTON (of Hawaii) (Mex.)

Received at Honolulu 1917 from Joseph Sexton of Goleta, Calif., as unnamed budwood. Fruit greenish; rough; oval-oblong; 10-14 ozs.; quality fair. Season late summer and fall. Still being grown in Hawaii.

SEXTON (of Fla.) Syn. of Waldo

SEYDE (W. I.)

Originated about 1917 at Honolulu. Fruit purple; smooth; oval; flattened at ends; 16 ozs.; seed small. Season summer. Still propagated in Hawaii.

SHARPLESS

Originated 1901 on B. H. Sharpless place near Tustin, Calif., as seedling from C. P. Taft planted by T. Gockley, propagated 1913. Fruit purple; somewhat rough; pyriform; 16-24 ozs.; skin medium thick; seed small to medium, round, pointed; quality fine. Oil content 16%. Season Jun-Nov. second year from bloom. Illus. An. Rept. 1916. p. 133, analysis in Calif. Agr. Exp. Sta. Bul. 365, revised, p. 73, also USDA Bul. 1073. Parent tree desc. An. Rept. 1917, p. 26. A good market fruit after Aug. but somewhat large.

SHERMAN Syn. of Habersham

SHIPMAN (W. I.)

Originated at Hilo, Hawaii, from seed from Fla. Fruit green; mostly smooth; pyriform; 19-20 ozs.; seed small; quality fair. Season Oct-Nov. in Hawaii.

SILVA (W. I.)

Originated at Honolulu. Fruit greenish-yellow; smooth; ovoid to oval; 12-18 ozs.; seed small; quality fair.

SIMMONDS (W. I.) S.F.I. 36270

Originated 1908 at USDA, Washington. B. C., from seed of Pollock from Florida, seedling sent 1913 to U.S.P1. Intro. Gard., Miami, Fla. Distributed 1917, commercial propagations in 1921. Fruit light to yellowish green; smooth; oblong-oval to pyriform; 18-3 4 ozs.; seed medium; flavor very good. Oil content 3-6%. Season Jul. 15 -Sept. 15 in Fla. Illus. and desc. Fla. Agr. Exp. Sta. Bul. 272. Has replaced Pollock somewhat due to smaller size and more dependable bearing.

SIMPSON Syn. of Ace

SIMPSON (of Fla.)

Originated as root sprout in Robt. Simpson grove near Richmond, Fla. Fruited first 1925, propagated 1933. Fruit dull light green; slightly rugose; obovoid-eiliptical; 16-32 ozs.; skin medium thick and pliable; seed medium large. Oil content 10 - 14%. Season Nov. 15-Jan. 1 in Fla. Apparently heavy bearing and fruit well distributed.

SINALOA (Guat.)

Introduced from Atlixco, Mex., by West India Gardens as No. 37, in 1911. Fruit oval to pyriform; 24-32 ozs.; rough; green; seed medium. Season Dec. at Atlixco; Apr. and May in So. Calif. Illus. in Pomona Jour. Econ. But. Feb., 1911, pp. 16, 17; also Feb., 1913, p. 436. Analysis in Bul. 365, Calif. Sta., p. 65. Oil content 16.43%. Marketability poor.

SKINNER (Mex.)

Originated at Los Angeles, propagated 1913. Similar to Northrop but smaller.

SMITH (Mex.)

Originated 1906 as budded tree at Santa Ana, Calif. Fruit 3-5 ozs. Season Sept.-Oct. at Santa Ana.

SMITH-CLARK (Guat.)

Originated 1903 at Orange, Calif. Fruit bright green; smooth; pyriform, stem offset; 16-24 ozs. quality indifferent. Season Jul.-Sept. at Orange. Marketability poor.

SNELL (Mex.)

Originated about 1910 at Sierra Madre, Calif. Fruit maroon; slender pyriform; 5-7 ozs.; flavor very good. Season Oct-Nov. A shy bearer. Original tree still alive.

SOLANO (Guat.) S.F.I. 39372

Originated about 1907 on Solano Estate, Hollywood, Calif., from seed from Atlixco, Mex. Fruit green; nearly smooth; obovoid; 16-28 ozs.; seed small. Season Apr-Jul. at Hollywood, Oct. 15-Dec. 1 in Fla. Shipping and market quality very poor; becoming obsolete.

SOUTH KONA (W. I.)

Originated in Hawaii. Fruit dark maroon; smooth or slightly undulating; oval; 26 ozs.; seed medium; quality good. Season summer.

SPINKS (Guat.)

Originated 1911 on Bradbury Estate, Duarte, Calif., from seed from Mazatlan, Mex., propagated 1915. Fruit dark purple; roughened; obovoid; 10-20 ozs.; skin thick; seed large; quality very good. Oil content 16%. Season Mar.-Sept. Illus. and analysis Calif. Agr. Exp. Sta. Bul. 365, 1st ed. pp. 617. 633. Marketability poor, flesh blackens around seed.

STEFFANI

Originated 1921 on place of Robt. Glenn, Homestead Fla. Fruit light green; glossy, smooth; oblate-rounded; 14-24 ozs.; skin fairly thick; seed large, flattened, fairly tight. Oil content 8-12%. Season Dec. 1-Jan. 15 in Fla. Not propagated commercially.

STEPHENS (W. I.) S.F.I. 26691

Originated before 1905 at Buena Vista Fla. Fruit green; glossy. Season Dec-Jan. in Fla. Obsolete.

STEPHENS CHOICE Syn of Choice

STEPHENS No. 15 Syn of Fifteen

STERLING (Probably Guat. x W. I.) S.F.I. 26697

Originated before 1907 in grove of W. J. Booth, Homestead, Fla. Fruit dark bronze red; 16-2 4 ozs.; skin thick; seed medium. Season Dec-Jan. 15 in Fla.

STOREY (W. I.)

Originated at Honolulu. Fruit green with large light specks; smooth; oval; 16-20 ozs.; seed medium, slightly loose. Season summer.

STORLARG (W. I.)

Originated at Honolulu. Fruit green with purple tinge; smooth; pyriform; 26 ozs.; seed medium to large, slightly loose; quality excellent. Season summer.

SUAREZ (W. I.)

Originated from seed planted in 1926 at Alaminos, Laguna, Phil. Fruit yellow, av. wt. 17.6 ozs.; bottle necked, pear shaped; skin smooth; seed 4 ˝ ozs.; seed coat rather tight. Season Jun-Jul. More than 400 trees propagated.

SURPRISE (Guat.)

Originated 1909 on C. F. Wagner place, Hollywood, Calif., from seed from Mex. Fruit green; slightly rough; oblong-pyriform; 16-20 ozs.; seed small. Season Feb-May in Hollywood.

TAFT (Guat.) S.F.I. 39369

Originated 1899 as seed from Mex. planted by C. P. Taft, Orange, Calif., propagated 1912. Fruit deep green; slightly rough; oblique pyriform; 10-20 ozs.; skin thick; seed medium; quality good. Oil content 18%. Season May-Nov. in Calif. foothills, Jun-Dec. at Chula Vista and Ventura. Illus. Calif. Agr. Exp. Sta. Bul. 254, p. 382, analysis USDA Bul. 1073. Parent tree desc. An. Rept. 1917, p. 55. Shipping quality good, an excellent market fruit especially after Aug. Long the leading variety in Calif. but not planted now because of very shy bearing. Now grown in Phil. Original tree dead.

TAFT HARDY Syn of Hardy

TAHITI

Formerly grown at San Diego, Calif.

TAMAYO (Mex.) S.F.I. 53182 and 54270

Introduced 1921 by F. W. Popenoe, USDA, from Chota Valley, Ecuador. Fruit green shading to maroon at stem end; oval; 18 ozs.; seed medium. Season probably Jan-Feb. in Ecuador.

TANTALUS (W. I.)

Originated at Tantalus, Hawaii. Fruit green; smooth; oval to pyriform; 11 ozs.; seed large; quality good.

TAYLOR (Guat.) S.F.I. 26710

Originated 1908 at U.S.Pl. Intro. Gard., Miami, Fla., from seed of Royal from Los Angeles, propagated 1914. Fruit dull green, rough-pebbled; obovoid to pyriform; 12-18 ozs.; seed medium; flavor very good. Oil content 13-17%. Season Dec. I5-Jan. 15 at Miami. Illus. and desc. Fla. Agr. Exp. Sta. Bul. 272, p. 29. A vigorous, tall, slender grower, precocious and bears good crops; recommended for central and southern Fla.; the must cold resistant of commercial varieties there.

TAYLOR (W. I.)

Originated at Honolulu. Illus. Hawaii Agr. Exp. Sta. Kept. 1921, p1. 1.

TAYLORSON (Guat. x W. I.)

Originated at Miami, Fla., shortly before 1921 as seedling of Taylor. Fruit small; seed large; quality fair. Obsolete.

TERTOH (Guat.) S.F.I. 44856

Introduced 1917 by F. W. Popenoe, USDA, from near Guatemala City. Fruit deep purple; smooth; long oblong; 28-36 ozs. sometimes 48 ozs.; seed small, long. Season Feb-Apr. in Gnat., Apr-May in Calif. Now grown in Phil.

THEVENIN (W. I.)

Originated in Hawaii. Fruit smooth; pyriform; 22 ozs.; seed very large, 10 ozs.

THOMPSON (Guat.)

Originated 1913 at place of Miss Jessie Thompson, Montebello, Calif., from seed from very small seeded Mex. tree. Fruit dark purple; slightly pebbled; long pyriform; 12-25 ozs.; seed smallest of any variety known, quality excellent at Montebello, not so good in San Diego County. Oil content 16-23%. Season Apr-Jun.

TIGER (Guat.)

Originated 1914 at Bishop Nursery, Highland, Calif. Fruit purple; rough, glossy; pyriform; 10-16 ozs.; seed medium. Season Jan-Feb. at Highland. Adapted to interior districts.

TINGLEY (Mex.)

Originated at Point Loma, Calif., bearing before 1923. Fruit purple to black; 6-9 ozs.; Season Oct-Nov. Not distributed.

TONNAGE (Guat.)

Originated 1916 with Dan. M. Roberts, Homestead, Fla. as seedling of Taylor. Fruit dark green; rather glossy, pebbled; pyriform, stem placed obliquely; 16-24 ozs.; skin thick; seed medium large, fairly tight. Oil content 6-8%. Season Oct. 15-Nov. in Fla. Not propagated commercially. Named for heavy bearing tendency.

TOPA TOPA (Mex.)

Originated 1907 from seed at E. S. Thacher place, Ojai, Calif. Planted in orchard 1909. fruited 1912, propagated 1913. Fruit black; smooth, glossy; elongated, oblique pyriform; stem insertion offset 6-10 ozs.; seed medium, loose in cavity; quality poor. Oil content 15.5%. Season Sept. - Dec. Shipping quality fair, good for local markets.

TOWSE (Guat.)

Originated at place of E. Towse, Honolulu, as seedling of McDonald, fruiting in 1922. Fruit purple; somewhat rough; pyriform; 26 ozs.; seed large. Season Nov-Dec. at Honolulu. Illus. and desc. with analysis Hawaii Agr. Exp. Sta. Bul. 51, P1. 3, fig. 1, is Towse but legend is reversed with p1. 9, fig. 2.

TRAPP (W. I.) S.F.I. 12937, 16871 and 26689

Originated about 1894 on place of H. K. Trapp, Coconut Grove, Fla., fruited 1898, propagated 1901. Fruit pale green, smooth; roundish-oblate to slightly pyriform; 12-2 4 ozs.; seed large, often loose; flavor excellent. Oil content 3-6%. Season Sept.-Oct. in Fla. Illus (in color) and desc. Yearbook USDA 1905, p. 508; also Fla. Agr. Exp. Sta. Bul. 272, with analysis. A comparatively weak grower but still the leading commercial variety in Fla. on account of regular and heavy bearing and fine shipping qualities, recommended for So. Fla.; still propagated in Hawaii.

TRAPPSON (W. I. x (Guat. x W. I.)) S.F.I. 61740

Originated 1921 at U.S.Pl. Intro. Gard., Miami, Fla., supposedly as a Trapp x Collinson cross. Fruit light yellowish green; smooth; spherical-obovoid; 12-24 ozs.; skin medium; seed large. Season Oct. 1 - Nov. 15. Fruit and foliage are typically W. I. showing no evidence of hybridization.

TUMIN (Guat.) S.F.I. 44627

Introduced 1917 by F. W. Popenoe, USDA, from Antigua, Guat. Fruit purplish black; smooth, unusually glossy; spherical, slightly oblate; 18-24 ozs.; seed medium to small. Season Mar-May at Antigua, Sept. at N. Whittier Hts., Calif. Marketability poor. Still being propagated in Hawaii and Phil.

TWO POUND GREEN (Guat.)

Introduced 1910 by B. E. Clower, Monrovia, Calif., from Atlixco, Mex. Fruit green; rough; pyriform; 32 ozs.; seed small. Season Mar-Jun. at Monrovia.

ULTIMATE (Guat.)

Originated 1902 on C. P. Taft place, Orange, Calif. Fruit green; nearly smooth; pyriform; 12 ozs.; seed medium. Season Apr-May at Orange.

VAL DE FLOR (Mex.)

Introduced 1912 by E. G. Hart of Los Angeles from Oaxaca, Mex. Fruit deep purple; slender pyriform; 6-8 ozs.; seed small. Season May-Jul. at Oaxaca, Oct-Dec. near Los Angeles with small crop in spring.

VAN KORTRYK (M)

Origin same as Courtright. Fruit oval, 10-14 ozs.; skin dark purple, smooth, thin; flesh yellow-; seed large, tight. Oil content 16%. Season Sept.-Oct. Good quality fruit which ripens evenly and seems fairly productive as well as quite hardy, but not yet widely tested. Certified 1942.

VEGA

Introduced 1906 from Cuba to Phil. Fruit yellowish green; undulating to rough, glossy; obovoid to broad pyriform; 10-17 ozs.; seed large, strongly conical; quality good, few traces of fiber. Season Sept. at Lamao. Illus. and desc. Phil. Is. Bu. Agr. Circ. 212. A regular but shy bearer.

VENEZUELA

Cultivated at Univ. Puerto Rico Agr. Exp. Sta. 1934-35.

VERANERO (W .I.) S.F.I. 35121

Introduced 1913 by USDA from Caracas, Venezuela. Fruit yellow; long pyriform; necked; seed medium. Season Aug. in Caracas.

VERDE (Guat.) Syn. California Trapp

Introduced 1911 by Carl Schmidt for West India Gardens, Altadena, Calif., from Atlixco, Mex. Fruit green, nearly smooth; spherical to obovoid; 10-18 ozs.; seed medium. Oil content 14.5%. Season Dec-Jan. at Atlixco. Dec. 15 - Jan. in Fla., Mar-May in Calif. Shipping and market quality fair.

VERDES (Guat.) S.P.I. 43606

Introduced 1916 by USDA from Honduras. Fruit green; pyriform, lung necked; small.

VERIBEST (Guat.)

Originated at Whittier, Calif., as seedling of Lyon.

VERO (Mex. x W. I.)

Originated by W. E. Sexton, Vero Beach, Fla. Not propagated commercially.

VICTORY (Guat.)

Originated about 1904 at H. A. Phelps place, Hollywood, Calif. Fruit light green; smooth; spherical; 16-18 ozs.; seed medium.

VILLA (Guat. x Mex.) x ?

Originated at Avocado Villa, near Orlando, Fla., as seedling of Fuerte about 1920. Fruit very similar to Fuerte. The parent tree bears heavily on heavy, low ground, but trees planted on high sandy soil have been very shy bearers.

VIRGINIA (Guat.)

Originated 1910 as seedling from E. C. Dutton at place of Otto Keup, Palm Ave. and Ball Rd., Anaheim, Calif. Large seed; much fiber. Season Apr-Aug. Original tree still alive.

VOLCAN (Guat.) Syn. IXTACCIHUATL and erroneously ITZIA

Introduced 1912 by West India Gardens, Altadena, Calif., from Atlixco, Mex. Fruit purplish black; oval to pyriform; large; seed small. Season Dec-Jan. at Atlixco.

WAGNER (Guat.) Syn. California

Originated 1908 at C. F. Wagner place, 1295 Fairfax Ave., Hollywood, Calif., from seed of Royal. Fruit green; rough; oblique, spherical to broadly obovoid; 8-12 ozs.; seed large. Season Sept.-Oct. in Calif., Dec-Feb. in Fla. Still being propagated in Hawaii.

WALD!N (W. I.)

Originated 1909 on place of B. A. Waldin Homestead, Fla., fruited 1913, propagated 1917. Fruit pale green to greenish yellow; smooth; oval with one aide flattened near apex; 14-28 ozs.; seed rather large; flavor good. Oil content 6-10%. Season Oct-Nov. in Fla. illus, and desc. with analysis Fla. Agr. Exp. Sta. Bul. 272. A precocious and productive tree, hardier than most West Indian varieties; recommended for So. Fla. Now- grown in Phil.

WALDO (Mex. x W. I.) Syn. Sexton (of Fla.)

Originated 1927 in W. E. Sexton grove, Vero Beach, Fla., propagated 1933 for tests. Fruit dark green; smooth or very lightly pebbled; obovoid; 12-24 ozs.; skin very thin; seed medium large, sometimes louse; rather sweetish taste. Season Oct. in Fla.

WALKER (Guat.) Syn. Walker Prolific

Originated 1897 at the J. H. Walker place, 1547 Las Palmas Ave., Hollywood, Calif., from seed of Miller. Fruit dark green; rough, obovoid; 6-12 ozs.; skin thick, woody; seed large; flavor poor, often bitter. Season Aug-Nov. in Calif. Original tree a very heavy and regular producer, probably paid owner as much as any fruit tree in Calif.

WALL (W. I.)

Originated at Honolulu. Fruit green; smooth; oval; 24 ozs.; seed small; quality fair. Season Jun.-Sept. in Honolulu.

WARD (Guat. x Mex.)

Originated 1914 at Ward Nursery, Sierra Madre, Calif. Fruit dark purple; rather coarse; pyriform; 8-16 ozs.; seed small. Season Nov-Mar. Tree precocious and prolific. Market quality poor, sometimes cracks at apex.

WEIGHT (W. I. x Guat.)

Originated at Wailuku, Maui, Hawaii. Fruit green with pink specks; slightly rough; pvriform; 2 ˝lbs.; seed 5 ˝ozs.; quality good. Season Oct. in Hawaii.

WELDON Syn. Dr. Weidon

Originated at W. A. Spinks place, Duarte, Calif., fruiting before 1923.

WESTER (W. I.) S.F.I. 19297

Originated 1871 by J. T. Peacock at Coconut Grove, Fla., probably as seed from Key West. Fruit reddish purple; smooth, glossy; broadly pyriform, slightly necked; 16-20 ozs.; seed very large. Season Aug.-Sept. in So. Fla. illus. Pomona Col. Jour. Ec. Bot. 1 (1): 19, Feb. 1911. Now grown in Phil.

WHITE (Mex.) Syn. Santa Barbara Early. S.F.I. 30080

Originated 1895 from seed from Mex. by Dr. Franceschi, later planted on G. A. White place, 24 West Arellaga St., Santa Barbara, Calif. Fruit black; smooth, glossy; slender pyriform; 6-8 ozs.; seed large. Season Nov-Dec. at Santa Barbara with tendency to set few fruits at other seasons.

WHITTIER (Guat.)

Originated from Lyon seed on A. R. Rideout place, Whittier, Calif., fruiting before 1923. Fruit green; pyriform; 12-14 ozs.; seed medium. Season Jan-Mar.

WHITTIER (Mex.)

Originated on C. H. Hamburg place Whittier, Calif. Fruit purple, oblong.

WILDER (Guat.) S.P.I. Nos. 55625 and 61084

Originated 1900 as seedling of McDonald, planted on G. P. Wilder place, Honolulu. Fruit olive green, slightly undulated; spherical to slightly oblong; 20 ozs.; skin thick; seed large; quality excellent, nutty flavor. Season Oct-Jan. in Honolulu. illus. and desc. with analysis Hawaii Agr. Exp. Sta. Bul. 51.

WILSHIRE (Guat.)

Originated about 1911 in yard of Mrs. Wm. Jones, Wilshire Pl., Los Angeles. Fruit green; smooth; oval; 8 ozs.; seed large. Season Jul.-Sept.

WILSON (W. I.) S.F.I. 40982

Introduced 1915 by F. W. Popenoe, USDA, from Joaquin Wilson near Placetas, Cuba. Fruit light green; spherical to oval; 8-10 ozs.; seed very small. Season about Christmas in Cuba. Now grown in Phil.

WINSLOW (Guat.) S.F.I. 10978

Originated 1904 at U.S.Pl. Intro Gard., Miami, Fla., from seed from Guat. Fruit green; nearly spherical; 10-15 ozs. Season Apr. 15-Jul. 1 in Fla.

WINSLOWSON (Guat. x W. I.) Syn. Rolfs. S.F.I. 58444

Originated 1911 from seed of Winslow on P. H. Rolf's place, Miami, Fla., fruited 1917, propagated 1921. Fruit dull light green; smooth; roundish-oblate; 20-40 ozs.; skin leathery; seed medium, often loose; flavor good. Season Oct. 1-Dec. 15 in Fla. Illus. and desc. with analysis Fla. Agr. Exp. Sta. Bul. 272. Not recommended for commercial culture because of large size and poor shipping quality, but does well in Ridge section.

WINTER MEXICAN (Guat. x Mex.)

Originated at Palm Beach and first propagated there in 1922. Now propagated on West Coast of Fla. since 1936. Fruit oblong or broadly pyriform; 12-18 ozs.; skin thick and leathery; dark green; seed medium and tight. Season Dec-Jan. A very vigorous growing and deep rooting tree, bearing heavily and regularly in Pinellas County. Very hardy to cold, reported very resistant to scab. Considered promising for the West Coast of Fla.

WORSHAM (Guat. x Mex.)

Originated 1910 from seed on M. B. Worsham place, head of Earlham Drive, Whittier, Calif. Fruit green; smooth, glossy; oblique, oval; 12-14 ozs.; seed medium to large; flavor fine. Season Dec. - Feb. at Whittier. illuss. An. Rept. 1925-26, p. 116. Tree very prolific, market quality fair.

YAMA (Mex.)

Originated in Cucamonga, Calif., by S. Yamaguchi. Fruit light green; 6-8 ozs.; pyriform; skin smooth; seed medium. Oil content high. Season Sept.-Oct. Precocious, consistent in production.

YON (Guat. x W. I.)

Originated at Orlando, Fla., on place of J. Hugh Yon, from seed planted in 1926. Fruited first in 1932 and propagated commercially in 1937. Fruit oval-oblong; 2-4 lbs., occasionally up to 6 lbs.; skin dark bronzed green, slightly rough or nearly smooth; thick and leathery; seed medium small; flesh very thick. Season Dec-Feb. The flesh is reputed to seal itself after cutting, so that a single fruit can be used for many days. Very hardy to cold and of promise for Central Fla.

YOUNG

Fruit green with red spots; spherical; 16 ozs.; seed large.

ZAK (Guat.)

Originated 1915 in Hollywood, Calif. Fruit dark green; smooth; pyriform; 12-16 ozs.; seed large. Season Jun-Nov. at Hollywood.

ZUTANO (Mex.) Registered 1932

Originated 1926 at Fallbrook on place of W. L. Truitt. Name from Spanish, meaning "such a one." Fruit light green; pyriform; 8 ozs.; skin very thin; seed medium. 1˝ ozs.; flavor good. Oil test 16%. Season Dec-Jan. A consistent producer, more hardy than Fuerte.