Citrus

2001 Varieties

Laguna Hills Nursery

25290 Jeronimo Road, Lake Forest,

CA 92630

949~830-5653

We are lucky that most citrus grow well in Orange County. We don’t have the tropical heat required to ripen all of the varieties of grapefruit, oranges, and mandarins, Some areas get a little too cold to grow Mexican limes without protection.

Most citrus is harvested in the winter or spring, it is important to note that the skin color of a citrus is often a poor indicator of ripeness. Best skin color is a result of the warm days and cool nights of S. Calif. winters, but many varieties of citrus will remain tart well into spring. Citrus grown farther inland ripens before citrus grown on the coast. (The same variety of citrus grown across the U.S. will first ripen in Florida, then Texas, then inland California, followed by coastal California.)

Citrus should be planted where they will receive sun for at least half of the day. More sun results in stronger flavor. Citrus need good drainage. Soil that stays waterlogged for more than 2 days at a time can be fatal. Drainage can be improved greatly by planting on tall mounds, on hillsides, or in raised planters.

We highly recommend that citrus be irrigated by drip irrigation (trickle irrigation) from the time they are planted. Citrus use a lot of water when temperatures are above 800F, and very little water when temperature are below 600F. Newly planted citrus are very intolerant of even short periods of drought or soggy soil and will quickly shed foliage. Lost foliage takes a long time to recover.

Please consult our Citrus Planting Guide for details. This guide also has information on seasonal care and pest control.

We offer full size (standard) and somewhat smller (dwarf, or semi-dwarf) citrus. The terms dwarf and semi-dwarf are often used interchangeably. Standard citrus are usually trained with an 18-24 inch single straight trunk. Dwarf citrus are usually trained as multi-stem bushes and grow about 2/3-3/4 the height of standard citrus. (Dwarf citrus can also be trained as a single stem) Micro-dwarf citrus grow 3-5 feet tall very slowly, and can also be specially ordered.

Please note that standard citrus can be maintained, with pruning, at that same height as dwarf citrus. Standard oranges have a thicker, easier to peel, rind than dwarf oranges. Therefore, a pruned standard Navel orange may be more desirable than a dwarf Navel orange for a small area.

Citrus are available in different types of containers. We have 15 gallon, 7 gallon and 5 gallon. We can also obtain box sizes if specially ordered. Despite their smaller size, we highly recommend planting the 5 gallon citrus. Citrus grow 2-4 feet per year and less than 2 years separates the smallest and the largest citrus we offer.

Although citrus begin bearing fairly early, it has been noted that many varieties do not grow top quality fruit until the tree has been established in the ground for 8-10 years. Grapefruit and its hybrids show this characteristic, while most lemons do not.

 

 

Peeling Oranges

Washington Navel THE COMMERCIAL PEELING ORANGE. Large, seedless fruit. Attains best quality away from the Coast. Harvest January-June. Standard grows 15 feet, dwarf grows 10 feet.

Cara Cara Pink Navel Similar to Washington, but has a red blushed peel and deep pink flesh. This new variety from South America may ripen a bit earlier than Washington. Standard grows 15 feet, dwarf grows 10 feet.

Summer Navel (& Lane Late Navel) Similar to Washington, but with thicker peel and ripening about 2 months later. Harvest March-September. Standard grow 15 feet, dwarf grows 10 feet.

Trovita Large fruit is similar to Washington navel, but has no navel, is juicier, and has a few seeds. Very sweet fruit will even ripen on the coast. Harvest January-June. Standard grows 20 feet, dwarf grows 14 feet.

 

Juice Oranges

Valencia This is ‘THE ORANGE’ of Orange County, and the classic SUMMER JUICE ORANGE. A high quality medium to large fruit with a few seeds. Difficult to peel. Sweet, juicy, and flavorful. Harvest March-August. Holds on tree well, getting sweeter all the while. Standard grows 20 feet, dwarf grows 15 feet.

Moro Blood Medium size, nearly seedless, fruit. Peel and flesh are orange in December. Peel gets a red blush and flesh becomes red streaked in January, and burgundy colored and berry flavored by February. Can be harvested February-April. Standard grows 18 feet, dwarf grows 12 feet. OUR BEST BLOOD ORANGE.

Sanguinelli Blood Small to medium size, nearly seedless, fruit. Similar to ‘Moro’ but smaller, has stronger flavor, and ripens several months later. Harvest spring. Standard grows 12 feet, dwarf grows 8 feet. Production starts earlier than other blood oranges. Requires inland heat to ripen. Very tart near the coast.

Tarocco Blood Medium to large, nearly seedless, fruit. Sweet mellow flavor and develops just a few red streaks and little of the unique blood flavor. Standard grows 15 feet, dwarf grows 12 feet. Production starts slowly. In youth, grows 5 inch long needle-like thorns. LARGEST BLOOD ORANGE. Great for barrier.

 

Mandarin (Tangerines)

Algerian (Clementine) Small to medium fruit often seedless, unless pollinated by a seedy mandarin or orange. Easy to peel. Sweet and juicy. Stores well. Harvest winter-spring. Standard grows 12 feet, dwarf grows 8 feet. Very sensitive to improper watering. (Fremont) Similar, but usually contains seeds. Not as moisture sensitive.

Dancy Small to medium fruit, seedy. Easy to peel. Sweet tart flavor. Harvest spring. Standard grows 16 feet, dwarf grows 12 feet. Best fruit in inland areas, very tart along coast. LEADING COMMERCIAL VARIETY.

Encore Medium size fruit with some seeds. Easy to peel. Very juicy, mild, sweet flavor. Upright growth. Harvest May-August.

Honey (Murcott Honey) Medium size fruit with thin skin and many seeds. Does not peel easily. Rich, very sweet and juicy. Harvest spring-summer. Standard grows 16 feet, dwarf grows 12 feet. Needs inland heat to perform well.

Kinnow Medium size fruit, very seedy. difficult to peel. Outstanding flavor and very juicy. Harvest spring. Standard grows 20 feet, dwarf grows 14 feet. Excellent flavor, perfect for juicing.

Kishu Small round fruit, less than 2 inches in diameter with thin orange skin that is easy to peel. Flesh is sweet and seedless. Harvest October-December. Old variety. This dwarf may grow to 10 feet tall.

Page Small to medium fruit with few or no seeds. Easy to peel. Rich, sweet flavor. Ripens winter-spring.

Pixie Small to medium fruit, seedless. Fairly easy to peel. Sweet mellow flavor. Harvest April-July. Standard grows 16 feet, dwarf grows 12 feet.

Satsuma (Owari Satsuma) Small to large fruit, seedless. Easy to peel. Sweet mellow flavor. Harvest November-January. Standard grows 12 feet, dwarf grows 8 feet. OUR MOST POPULAR MANDARIN.

Tangelo

Minneola Medium to large fruit, many seeds, but seedless without pollinator. Fruit will either be large and seedy, or medium and seedless. Easy to peel. Rich juicy sweet tart flavor. Fruit shape varies from egg-shaped with a prominent neck (in hot interior climates) to flat tangerine-shaped (along the coast). Harvest winter-spring. Standard grows 15 feet, dwarf grows 12 feet.

 

Grapefruit

Rio Red NEW! Large fruit with few or no seeds. Similar to ‘Redblush’ with reddish skin and flesh. Harvest spring-fall 12-18 months following bloom. Will attain color and sweetness close to the coast, although best quality requires inland conditions. Standard grows 16 feet, dwarf grows 12 feet.

 

New Grapefruit Hybrids hybrids of Grapefruit X Putrunelo

Not only are these new hybrids relatively acidless (sweet mellow flavor), they ripen 3-6 months before the true grapefruits.

Mellow Gold NEW! Very large fruit, few or no seeds. Very juicy golden sweet acidless flesh. Harvest winter-spring. Standard grows 18 feet, dwarfs 12 feet. Best quality in inland areas, but reaches acceptable quality close to the coast. DELICIOUS!

Oro Blanco NEW! Large to very large fruit, few or no seeds. Very juicy sweet acidlcss white flesh. Has thicker peel than ‘Mellow Gold’. Harvest winter-spring. Standard grows 18 feet, dwarf grows 12 feet. Best quality in inland areas, but reaches acceptable quality close to the coast. DELICIOUS!

 

Pummelo

The grapefruit ancestor from China.

Chandler Giant (up to 9 inches) fruit, seedless. Deep pink flesh is mildly sweet and firm. Very thick peel. Harvest winter-spring. Standard grows 18 feet, dwarf grows 12 feet. Best quality in inland areas, but reaches acceptable quality close to the coast. Ask us how to properly cut this fruit.

Reinking Huge (up to 12 inches) fruit, seedy. White flesh is mildly sweet and firm. Very thick peel. Harvest winter-spring. Standard grows 20 feet, dwarf grows 15 feet. Best quality in inland areas, but reaches acceptable quality close to the coast. Ask us how to properly cut this fruit.

Sarawak (Tahitian) Vary large rounded fruit. The green flesh has a unique, spicy, sweet lime flavor.

 

Lemons

Eureka Large yellow fruit, few seeds. Acid flavor. Harvest nearly year round, heaviest in winter. Very productive, but rarely lives past 15-20 years. Upright growth habit. Standard grows 15 feet, dwarf grows 12 feet. THE COMMERCIAL LEMON.

Meyer Medium to large dark yellow fruit, few to many seeds. Mildly acidic or slightly sweet flavor. Harvest nearly year round, heaviest in winter. Spreading growth. Ornamental. Standard grows 12 feet, dwarf grows 8 feet. POPULAR.

Pink Lemonade Lemon Similar to Eureka but with beautiful cream and gray variegated foliage and green striped lemons with blush pink flesh.

Pomona Sweet Lemon Similar to Eureka but with sweet, slightly acidic flesh. Originated in Pomona, California.

Ponderosa Very large grapefruit size lemon hybrid. A novelty fruit with excellent lemon flavor and juiciness. Harvest nearly year round. Standard grows 10 feet, dwarf grows 8 feet.

 

Limes

Limes are straw yellow when dead ripe, but are usually consumed when light green.

Bearss Persian, or Tahitian Medium size fruit, nearly seedless. Harvest nearly year round. Standard grows 15 feet, dwarf grows 12 feet. THE COMMERCIAL LIME.

Mexican Key Small fruit with a few seeds. Excellent aromatic acid lime flavor. Harvest summer-winter. Standard grows 12 feet, dwarf grows 8 feet. Tender to frost. Best when grown with some protection. THE BARTENDER’S LIME.

Sweet Lime Palestine Lime Medium size pale yellow fruit, seedy. Sweet lime flavor. Best in areas of high summer heat. Harvest winter-spring. Standard grows 16 feet, dwarf grows 12 feet. A newly introduced fruit popular in India, the Middle East, and Central America.

Less Common Citrus

Calamondin Small sour mandarin. Harvest nearly year round. Dwarf grows 6 feet. Very cold hardy. Highly ornamental. Used in Oriental cooking.

Cocktail Grapefruit Large pear shaped fruit. This hybrid is very juicy with a taste that includes both parents (Mandarin X Pummelo). Ripens fall. Tree is fast and vigorous.

Etrog Citron Large, lemon shaped fruit with yellow skin. The peel is very thick and there is just a little acidic flesh. This bushy plant may reach 10-15 feet tall. This is the ceremonial fruit of the Jewish Feast of the Tabernacles. Fruit can be harvested all year, heaviest in fall.

Fingered Citron NOVELTY Large yellow fruit with long finger-like appendages. There is little or no flesh. Harvest nearly year round, heaviest in fall. Standard grows 5-10 feet. This fruit is grown for the fragrance of the ripe fruit.

Kafir Lime This citrus is grown for its leaves, which are used to flavor certain oriental dishes. The unusual leaves are compound. The tree is spreading. Fruit is extremely tart and refreshing.

Eustis Limequat Small yellow skinned oval fruit. This is a hybrid between ‘Mexican’ lime and kumquat. It combines the flavor of lime with the cold hardiness of kumquat. Harvest winter-summer. Very productive. Dwarf grows 4 feet.

Kumquat

Meiwa Small rounded orange fruit, with seeds. Tender sweet rind and sweet flesh. Harvest winter-spring. Standard grows 10 feet, dwarf grows 7 feet. BEST AND LARGEST KUMQUAT FOR FRESH EATING.

Nagami Smaller elongated orange fruit. Tender sweet rind and tart flesh. Harvest winter-spring. Standard grows 10 feet, dwarf grows 7 feet. POPULAR.