NOW IS THE TIME
By Eunice Messner

INFORMATION TIDBITS

~Hydrogen peroxide can be sprayed on grafts, full strength, as a fungicide. *

~Recent research indicates that Surinam Cherries, already noted for high vitamin "C" content, may also be one of the highest sources of antioxidants among the tropical fruits. *

~Tropical fruits are notorious for having short lived seeds. The only ones we can store for any length of time are papaya and the annonas. *

~Organically grown oranges may contain up to 30% more vitamin "C" than conventionally grown ones.

~Ed Fackler of the North American Fruit Explorers says that viruses are transmitted in various ways other than traditional grafting/budding and pruning. Any sucking insect can transmit most viruses with leafhoppers
probably being the most successful. Also, nematodes can transmit viruses by feeding on roots. While apparently not a problem with apple or pear, some viruses are transmitted via pollen. In stone fruits, pollen can be the vector.

Also, naturally occurring root grafts (i.e. roots of nearby apples) can transmit viruses. That is the beauty of the older rootstocks. Enough time and exposure has occurred to learn which of those are tolerant and which are not.

~Blue bottle flies are the only pawpaw pollinators. Some connoisseurs, however, hand-pollinate with an artistıs brush. To obtain the largest fruits, no more than 10% of the flowers should be allowed to develop into
fruits.

~Aspirin in the garden: Plants make salicylic acid, the active ingredient in aspirin, to trigger natural defenses against bacteria, fungi and viruses.Thus, Aspirin is an activator of "systemic acquired resistance" (SAR) However, plants often do not produce salicylic acid quickly enough when attacked by a microbe to prevent injury. Spraying aspirin on plants speeds up the SAR response.

If youıd like to experiment, spray a few plants with a 1:10,000 solution (3 aspirins dissolved in 4 gallons of water). As a control group, leave some plants unsprayed. Tests have shown that the SAR activation lasts for weeks to months. (Avant Gardener, Jan 04)

~The white "ink" used to write on black pots can be purchased at "Sav-on". Look for "Presto" fine point.

~Compost made from tree trimmings is available from Tierra Verde. 7985 Irvine Blvd. Minimum purchase is one yard. Cost is $16 for 1 yard. For further info:
www.cwlm.com <http://www.cwlm.com> or 949 551-0363

*Jan/Feb. issue of "Tropical Fruit News"